Longman Panorma History Solutions Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 1 India In Medieval Period are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for India In Medieval Period are extremely popular among Class 7 students for Social science India In Medieval Period Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Longman Panorma History Solutions Book of Class 7 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Longman Panorma History Solutions Solutions. All Longman Panorma History Solutions Solutions for class Class 7 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

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Question A.1:

Where did the tribes mostly live?

Answer:

The tribal people mostly lived in forests, hills and deserts. They chose such places to live, as it was difficult for others to reach those places because of the severity of the terrain.

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Question A.2:

How have the tribes preserved their culture and tradition?

Answer:

The tribes preserved their culture and tradition by oral transmission. This tradition was passed from one generation to another. 

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Question A.3:

Give one example of the assimilation of the tribal communities within the existing social system.

Answer:

With the expansion of agriculture, more and more forest areas were brought under cultivation. Hence, many tribal communities were brought under the existing social system. Today, they have become settled communities. They have retained their culture and customs and even influenced the customs of the social system. For example, the Jagannath cult in Orissa can be traced back to the early medieval tribal culture.

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Question A.4:

What are itinerant groups?

Answer:

Artisans, craftsmen, storytellers and entertainers were itinerant groups. These groups earned their livelihood by travelling from one place to another.

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Question A.5:

Name the politically powerful tribes of northwest India.

Answer:

There were many powerful tribes in the northwest India. Some of them are given below.

(1) The Khokhars and the Gakhars in Punjab
(2) The Langahs, the Arghuns and the Baluchis in Multan and Sind

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Question A.6:

What kind of exchanges took place between the nomadic pastoralists and the settled agriculturists.

Answer:

The nomadic pastoralists used to exchange wool, ghee, milk and other goods obtained from the livestock they had with the settled agriculturalists for grains, clothes, utensils and other such products. After trading in one place, the nomadic pastoralists would move to some other place for living.

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Question B.1:

Do you think the Banjaras played an important role in the economy of the time?

Answer:

Banjaras were a nomadic tribe mainly concentrated around Rajasthan. They were referred to as trader-nomads, especially during the medieval times. Their role in the economy can be understood with the help of the following points:

(1) Market regulation system: Allauddin Khilji of the Khilji dynasty was able to run a successful market regulation system because of the banjaras who had supplied grains to city markets.

(2) Food during military campaigns: During military campaigns, the banjaras supplied food and other essentials to the Mughal army.

(3) Reference in memoirs: Even the Mughal emperor Jahangir has mentioned in his memoirs that banjaras carried grains on their bullocks from different areas and sold them in towns.

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Question B.2:

How did the Ahom state organise the people and administration?

Answer:

The Ahom kingdom was established by the Ahoms in the 13th century in the present state of Assam. They were powerful rulers and were known for their military tactics and organisational skills. They administered the people under them in the following ways:

(1) Through military services: There were no caste or ethnic barriers in the Ahom kingdom. Almost all the adult males were picked for military services or forced to labour during campaigns; hence the kingdom had a huge army at its disposal.

(2) Through taxation: The Ahom state taxed and organised people by labour levies and produce.

(3) Through land administration: The village community gave lands to the peasants. The king had to take consent of the village community if he required the land for any specific purpose.

Because of these reasons, ​the regions administered by the Ahoms were mostly peaceful.

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Question C.1:

The tribes did not usually preserve their culture.

Answer:

The given statement is false.

Explanation: The tribes maintained their exclusivity by preserving their culture and other traditional values; they never let the society influence their culture.

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Question C.2:

The tribes tried to retain their freedom and distinct identity and hence came into conflict with caste based societies.

Answer:

The given statement is true.

Explanation: The culture and traditions of tribes were different from the caste-based societies. In the process of retaining their freedom and preserving their culture, these tribes often had conflicts with the caste-based societies.

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Question C.3:

Arghuns were powerful tribes under the Mughals.

Answer:

The given statement is true.

Explanation: In the areas around Multan and Sind, the Langahs, the Arghuns and the Balochis were the most powerful tribes under the rule of the Mughals. 

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Question C.4:

Banjaras were settled agriculturists.

Answer:

The given statement is false.

Explanation: Banjaras were not settled agriculturists. They were nomadic groups; that is,they moved from one place to another. They were the most important trader-nomads during the medieval period.

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Question C.5:

Some bhils became powerful zamindars.

Answer:

The given statement is true.

Explanation: By the late 16th century, many Bhils became settled agriculturalists. They gradually accumulated power, and some of them even acquired the status of zamindars.

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Question D.1:

Rajputs emerged from _________ groups.

Answer:

Rajputs emerged from tribal groups. 

Explanation: Rajputs emerged from tribal groups in the early medieval period. They trace their lineage to Hunas, Chandelas and Chalukyas.

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Question D.2:

The ________ and _________ tribes of areas around Orissa, Jharkhand and Bengal became politically important under the British rule.

Answer:

The Munda and Santhal tribes of areas around Orissa, Jharkhand and Bengal became politically important under the British rule.

Explanation: The Munda and the Santhal were important tribes found in the states of Orissa, Jharkhand and Bengal. They played an important political role in the years preceding the 1857 rebellion.

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Question D.3:

Tribes were incorporated into the caste based system and given the status of ___________.

Answer:

Tribes were incorporated into the caste-based system and given the status of jatis.
 

Explanation: As more and more forest areas were brought under the purview of agriculture, the exposure of the tribes to the village dwellers started taking place. These tribes were gradually brought under the caste-based system and were given the status of jatis.

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Question D.4:

Gondwana, was earlier known as _________.

Answer:

Gondwana, was earlier known as Garh-katanga.

Explanation: The homeland of the Gonds (tribal groups) was known as Gondwana. It was earlier known as Garh-katanga.

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Question D.5:

Ahom society was divided into __________.

Answer:

The Ahom society was divided into clans.

Explanation: The Ahom kingdom (in the present-day Assam) established by the Ahoms was divided into several clans or khels. These clans had the authority over several villages.



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