NCERT Solutions for Class 8 English Chapter 1 The Best Christmas Present In The World are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for The Best Christmas Present In The World are extremely popular among Class 8 students for English The Best Christmas Present In The World Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the NCERT Book of Class 8 English Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s NCERT Solutions. All NCERT Solutions for class Class 8 English are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 45:

Question 1:

Look at picture 1 and recall the opening lines of the original song in Hindi. Who is the singer? Who else do you see in this picture?

Answer:

The original song is “Ae mere watan ke logon….” The singer is Lata Mangeshkar.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Rani Laxmi Bai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi are also seen in the picture.

Page No 45:

Question 2:

In Picture 2 what do you understand by the Company’s “superior weapons”?

Answer:

Technologically, the East India Company was far superior to the Indian princes, who were constantly at war with each other. The Englishmen had access to better quality weapons. This prompted the Indian princes to seek their help in their fights. These internal rivalries helped the East India Company subdue the Indian princes one by one, and finally gain control over the whole of India.

Page No 45:

Question 3:

Who is an artisan? Why do you think the artisans suffered? (picture 3)

Answer:

An artisan is a skilled manual worker who crafts items that may be functional or strictly decorative. The artisans suffered because the British were extracting very high taxes from them, which ruined them economically. Moreover, machine-manufactured goods imported from Britain were sold extensively, which ruined the business of the artisans’ hand-made goods.

Page No 45:

Question 4:

Which picture, according to you, reveals the first sparks of the fire of revolt?

Answer:

Picture 7 ‘The Sparks’ reveals the first sparks of the fire of revolt.

Page No 45:

Question 1:

Do you think the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1757?

Answer:

Yes, the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1757.

Page No 45:

Question 2:

How did the East India Company subdue the Indian princes?

Answer:

The Indian princes were constantly at war with each other. They called the English merchants to help them in their fights. The people had no peace due to such constant fights. The rivalries helped the East India Company subdue the Indian princes one by one.

Page No 45:

Question 3:

Quote the words used by Ram Mohan Roy to say that every religion teaches the same principles.

Answer:

According to Ram Mohan Roy, “Cows are of different colours, but the colour of their milk is the same. Different teachers have different opinions, but the essence of every religion is the same.”

Page No 45:

Question 4:

In what ways did the British officers exploit Indians?

Answer:

To earn quick profits, the British imposed heavy taxes, thereby forcing the Indian farmers to abandon their fields. They decided to do away with import duty for goods manufactured in England. This crippled the Indian industries. In 1818, they passed Regulation III. Under it, an Indian could be jailed without trial in a court. All the time British officers in India drew big salaries and also made fortunes in private business. By 1829, Britain was exporting British goods worth seven crore rupees to India. The British prospered on the Company’s loot, while the Indian industries began to die.

Page No 45:

Question 5:

Name these people

(i) The ruler who fought pitched battles against the British and died fighting.

(ii) The person who wanted to reform the society.

(iii) The person who recommended the introduction of English education in India.

(iv) Two popular leaders who led the revolt (Choices may vary.)

Answer:

(i) Kunwar Singh

(ii) Ram Mohan Roy

(iii) Macaulay

(iv) Maulvi Ahmedulla of Faizabad and Peshwa Nana Saheb

Page No 45:

Question 6:

Mention the following.

(i) Two examples of social practices prevailing then.

(ii) Two oppressive policies of the British.

(iii) Two ways in which common people suffered.

(iv) Four reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 War of Independence.

Answer:

(i) Untouchability and child marriage

(ii) The British decided to do away with import duty on goods manufactured in England. This severely affected Indian industries.

In 1818, they passed Regulation III. Under it, an Indian could be jailed without trial in a court.

(iii) They lost their old jobs and lands. They were being converted by the British.

(iv) Discontent was brewing amongst the Indians. They felt that their kings who were supposed to be their protectors were mere puppets in the hands of the British. They lost their old jobs and lands. Taxes continued to ruin the peasants. There was discontent in the East India Company’s army too. The white soldier got huge pay, mansions to live in and servants, while the Indian soldiers got a pittance and slow promotions. Few Englishmen had cared to understand Indian customs or the people’s mind. The religious sentiments of both Hindus and Muslims were also hurt. The grease on the bullets they had to bite was made from the fat of cows and pigs.

Page No 45:

Question 1:

Change the following sentences into indirect speech.

(i) First man: We must educate our brothers.

Second man: And try to improve their material conditions.

Third man: For that we must convey our grievances to the British Parliament

The first man said that _____________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

The second man added that _________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________The third man suggested that ___________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

(ii) First soldier: The white soldier gets huge pay, mansions and servants.

Second soldier: We get a pittance and slow promotions.

Third soldier: Who are the British to abolish our customs?

The first man said that _____________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

The second soldier remarked that ____________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________The third soldier asked ____________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Answer:

(i) The first man said that they must educate their brothers.

The second man added that they must try to improve their material conditions.

The third man suggested that they must convey their grievances to the British Parliament.

(ii) The first soldier said that the white soldier got huge pay, mansions and servants.

The second soldier remarked that they got a pittance and slow promotions.

The third soldier asked who the British were to abolish their customs.



View NCERT Solutions for all chapters of Class 8