Sentence, Clause, Phrase
Introduction to Sentences
(a) A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense. It does not depend upon anything else to make its meaning clear.
Raju hit the ball.
Here, the individual words ‘Raju’ ‘hit’ ‘the’ ‘ball’ combine to form a group that has a particular meaning—someone named Raju has hit the ball.
This brings us to the second important point about a sentence.
(b) A sentence consists of two parts—subject and predicate. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing or idea being talked about. The predicate consists of a word or words which show what is being talked about the person, place, thing or idea.
Let us take the previous example:
[Raju] [hit the ball.]
Here, ‘Raju’ is the subject. He is the topic of the sentence. The remaining part of the sentence forms the predicate as it contains all the information regarding the topic (i.e., Raju).
The Subject of a Sentence
The subject of a sentence is a noun, pronoun or a group of words that acts as a noun.
A noun, as you know, is a person, place, thing or idea.
Geeta moved the table.
(‘Geeta’ is the name of a person and ‘table’ is a thing.)
Paris is in France.
(‘Paris’ and ‘France’ are names of places.)
Freedom is good.
(‘Freedom’ is an idea.)
A pronoun is used in place of a noun.
She moved the table.
It is in France.
It is good.
(‘She’ and ‘it’ are examples of pronouns.)
Sometimes a group of words can also act as the noun.
To play professional tennis is my ambition.
(Here, ‘to play professional tennis’ is a group of words that acts as a noun. It is the subject of the sentence.)
The Predicate of a Sentence
The predicate of a sentence is composed of a verb, and either an object or a complement.
A verb, as you know, describes the action performed by its subject or the state of being of its subject.
Balram kicked the football.
(Here, ‘kicked’ is the verb that shows the action performed by the subject ‘Balram’.)
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