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Organic Chemistry

  • Branch of chemistry dedicated only to the study of carbon and its compounds is known as organic chemistry.

  • Carbon has a unique tendency of catenation. It binds with itself via a series of covalent bonds. This is the basis of organic chemistry.

  • The bonds that are formed by sharing electrons are known as covalent bonds.

Characteristics of organic compounds are:

  • They are covalent compounds of carbon.

  • They can exist in all three states i.e., solid, liquid, and gas.

  • They are soluble in organic solvents.

  • They are poor conductors of electricity.

Organic compounds can be classified into the following categories.

  • Open chain or aliphatic compounds

  • Closed chain or cyclic compounds

  • Carbocyclic or homocyclic compounds have ring comprising only of carbon atoms.

  • Heterocyclic compounds contain other elements besides carbon in the ring.


  • Acyclic or open chain compounds consist of straight or branched chain compounds.
  • Alicyclic or closed chain or ring compounds contain carbon atoms joined in the form of ring (homocyclic). In some rings (heterocyclic), atoms other than …

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