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Board Paper of Class 10 2015 Maths - Solutions

Attempt all questions from Section A and any four questions from Section B.
All working, including rough work, must be clearly shown and must be done on the same sheet as the rest of the answer.
Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
Mathematical tables are provided.

  • Question 1
    (a) Given A=2-62   0, B=-3240, C=4002
    Find the matrix X such that A + 2X = 2B + C.
    (b) At what rate % p.a. will a sum of Rs 4000 yield Rs 1324 as compound interest in 3 years? [3]
    (c) The median of the following observations
    11, 12, 14, (x – 2), (x + 4), (x + 9), 32, 38, 47 arranged in ascending order is 24.
    Find the value of x and hence find the mean.

  • Question 2
    (a) What number must be added to each of the numbers 6, 15, 20 and 43 to make them proportional? [3]
    (b) If (x – 2) is a factor of the expression 2x3 + ax2 + bx – 14 and when the expression is divided by (x – 3), it leaves a remainder 52, find the values of a and b. [3]
    (c) Draw a histogram from the following frequency distribution and find the mode from the graph:
    Class 0–5 5–10 10–15 15–20 20–25 25–30
    Frequency 2 5 18 14 8 5

  • Question 3
    (a) Without using tables evaluate:
    3 cos 80°. cosec 10° + 2 sin 59° sec 31°.
    (b) In the given figure, ∠BAD = 65°, ∠ABD = 70°and ∠BDC = 45°.

    (i) Prove that AC is a diameter of the circle.
    (ii) Find ∠ACB
    (c) AB is a diameter of a circle with centre C = (–2, 5). If A = (3, –7). Find
    (i) the length of radius AC
    (ii) the coordinates of B.

  • Question 4
    (a) Solve the following equation and calculate the answer correct to two decimal places:
    x2 – 5x – 10 = 0
    (b) (b) In the given figure, AB and DE are perpendicular to BC.

    (i) Prove that ΔABC ~ ΔDEC
    (ii) If AB = 6 cm; DE = 4 cm and AC = 15 cm. Calculate CD.
    (iii) Find the ratio of area of ΔABC: area of ΔDEC.
    (c) Using a graph paper, plot the points A(6, 4) and B(0, 4).
    (i) Reflect A and B in the origin to get the images A' and B'.
    (ii) Write the co-ordinates of A' and B'.
    (iii) State the geometrical name for the figure ABA' B'.
    (iv) Find its perimeter.

  • Question 5
    (a) Solve the following inequation, write the solution set and represent it on the number line:
    -x3x2-113<16, x  R
    (b) Mr. Britto deposits a certain sum of money each month in a Recurring Deposit Account of a bank. If the rate of interest is 8% per annum and Mr. Britto gets Rs 8088 from the bank after 3 years, find the value of his monthly instalment. [3]
    (c) Salman buys 50 shares of face value Rs 100 available at Rs 132.
    (i) What is his investment?
    (ii) If the dividend is 7.5%, what will be his annual income?
    (iii) If he wants to increase his annual income by Rs 150, how many extra shares should he buy?

  • Question 6
    (a) Show that 1-cos A1+cos A=sin A1+cos A. [3]
    (b) In the given circle with centre O, ∠ABC = 100°, ∠ACD = 40° and CT is a tangent to the circle at C. Find ∠ADC and ∠DCT.
    (c) Given below are the entries in a Saving Bank A/c pass book.
    Date Particulars Withdrawls Deposit Balance
    Feb 8
    Feb 18
    April 12
    June 15
    July 8
    To self
    By cash
    To self
    By cash

    Calculate the interest for six months from February to July at 6% p.a.

  • Question 7
    (a) In ΔABC, A(3, 5), B(7, 8) and C(1, –10). Find the equation of the median through A. [3]
    (b) A shopkeeper sells an article at the listed price of Rs 1500 and the rate of VAT is 12% at each stage of sale. If the shopkeeper pays a VAT of Rs 36 to the Government, what
    was the price, inclusive to TAX, at which the shopkeeper purchased the article from the wholesaler?
    (c) In the figure given, from the top of a building AB = 60 m high, the angles of
    depression of the top and bottom of a vertical lamp post CD are observed to 30° and
    60° respectively. Find:

    (i) The horizontal distance between AB and CD.
    (ii) The height of the lamp post.

  • Question 8
    (a) Find x and y if x3xy4y21=512. [3]
    (b) A solid sphere of radius 15 cm is melted and recast into solid right circular cones of radius 2.5 cm and height 8 cm. Calculate the number of cones recast. [3]
    (c) Without solving the following quadratic equation, find the value of ‘p' for which the given equation has real and equal roots: x2 + (p – 3) x + p = 0. [4]

  • Question 9
    (a) In the figure alongside, OACB is a quadrant of a circle. The radius OA = 3.5 cm and OD = 2 cm. Calculate the area of the shaded portion. Take π=227
    (b) A box contains some black balls and 30 white balls. If the probability of drawing a black ball is two-fifths of a white ball, find the number of black balls in the box. [3]
    (c) Find the mean of the following distribution by step deviation method:
    Class interval 20 – 30 30 – 40 40 – 50 50 – 60 60 – 70 70 – 80
    Frequency 10 6 8 12 5 9

  • Question 10
    (a) Using a ruler and compasses only:
    (i) Construct a triangle ABC with the following data:
    AB = 3.5 cm, BC = 6 cm and ∠ABC = 120°
    (ii) In the same diagram, draw a circle with BC as diameter.
    Find a point P on thecircumference of the circle which is equidistant from AB and BC.
    (iii) Measure ∠BCP.
    (b) The marks obtained by 120 students in a test are given below:
    Marks 0–10 10–20 20–30 30–40 40–50 50–60 60–70 70–80 80–90 90–100
    No of students 5 9 16 22 26 18 11 6 4 3

    Draw an ogive for the given distribution on a graph sheet.
    Use suitable scale for ogive to estimate the following:
    (i) The median.
    (ii) The number of students who obtained more than 75% marks in the test.
    (iii) The number of students who did not pass the test if minimum marks required to pass is 40.

  • Question 11
    (a) In the figure given below, the line segment AB meets X-axis at A and Y-axis at B. The
    point P(–3, 4) on AB divides it in the ratio 2: 3. Find the coordinates of A and B.
    (b) Using the properties of proportion, solve for x, given x4+12x2=178. [3]
    (c) A shopkeeper purchases a certain number of books for 960. If the cost per book was 8 less, the number of books that could be purchased for 960 would be 4 more. Write an equation, taking the original cost of each book to be x, and solve it to find the original cost of the books. [4]
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