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Board Paper of Class 10 2014 Maths - Solutions

Attempt all questions from Section A and any four questions from Section B.
All working, including rough work, must be clearly shown and must be done on the same sheet as the rest of the answer.
Omission of essential working will result in loss of marks.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
Mathematical tables are provided.

  • Question 1
    (a) Ranbir borrows Rs. 20,000 at 12% per annum compound interest. If he repays Rs. 8400 at the end of the first year and Rs. 9680 at the end of the second year, find the amount of loan outstanding at the beginning of the third year. [3]
    (b) Find the values of x, which satisfy the in-equation -256<12-2x32, xW. Graph the solution set on the number line. [3]
    (c) A die has 6 faces marked by the given numbers as shown below:
       1      2       3     1    -2    -3  
    The die is thrown once. What is the probability of getting:
    (i) a positive integer.
    (ii) an integer greater than –3.
    (iii) the smallest integer.

  • Question 2
    (a) Find x, y if -20  31 -12x+3-2  1=2y3. [3]
    (b) Shahrukh opened a ‘Recurring Deposit’ account in a bank and deposited Rs. 800 per month for 112 years. If he received Rs. 15,084 at the time of maturity, find the rate of interest per annum. [3]
    (c) Calculate the ratio in which the line joining A(–4, 2) and B(3, 6) is divided by a point P(x, 3). Also find (i) x (ii) Length of AP. [4]

  • Question 3
    (a) Without using trigonometric tables, evaluate
    sin2 34° + sin2 56° + 2tan18° tan72° – cot2 30°
    (b) Using the Remainder and Factor Theorem, factorise the following polynomial:
    x3 + 10x2 – 37x + 26
    (c) In the figure given below, ABCD is a rectangle. AB = 14 cm, BC = 7 cm.
    From the rectangle, a quarter circle BFEC and a semicircle DGE are removed.
    Calculate the area of the remaining piece of the rectangle.(Take π = 22/7)

  • Question 4
    (a) The numbers 6, 8, 10, 12, 13 and x are arranged in an ascending order. If the mean of the observations is equal to the median, find the value of x [3]
    (b) In the figure, m∠DBC = 58°. BD is the diameter of the circle. Calculate:
    (i) m∠BDC
    (ii) m∠BEC
    (iii) m∠BAC
    (c) Use graph paper to answer the following questions. (Take 2 cm = 1 unit on both axes)
    (i) Plot the points A(–4, 2) and B(2, 4)
    (ii) A' is the image of A when reflected at the y-axis.
     Plot it on the graph paper and write the co-ordinates of A'.
    (iii) B' is the image of B when reflected on the line AA'. Write the co-ordinates of B'.
    (iv) Write the geometric name of the figure ABA'B'.
    (v) Name a line of symmetry of the figure formed.

  • Question 5
    (a) A shopkeeper bought a washing machine at a discount of 20% from a wholesaler, the printed price of the washing machine being, Rs. 18,000. The shopkeeper sells it to a consumer at a discount of 10% on the printed price. If the rate of sales tax is 8%, find:
    (i) the VAT paid by the shopkeeper.
    (ii) the total amount that the consumer pays for the washing machine.
    (b) If x2+y2x2-y2=178 then find the value of :
    (i) x : y
    (ii) x3+y3x3-y3
    (c) In ∆ABC, ∠ABC = ∠DAC. AB = 8 cm, AC = 4 cm, AD = 5 cm.
    (i) Prove that ∆ACD is similar to ∆BCA.
    (ii) Find BC and CD
    (iii) Find-area of ∆ACD : area of ∆ABC

  • Question 6
    (a) The value of  'a' for which of the following points A(a, 3), B(2, 1) and C(5, a)
    are collinear. Hence find the equation of the line.
    (b) Salman invests a sum of money in 50 shares, paying 15% dividend quoted at 20% premium. If his annual dividend is 600, calculate:
    (i) the number of shares he bought.
    (ii) his total investment.
    (iii) the rate of return on his investment.
    (c) The surface area of a solid metallic sphere is 2464 cm2. It is melted and recast into solid right circular cones of radius 3.5 cm and height 7 cm. Calculate:
    (i) the radius of the sphere.
    (ii) the number of cones recast. (Take π = 22/7)

  • Question 7
    (a) Calculate the mean of the distribution given below using the short cut method.
    Marks 1120 2130 3140 4150 5160 6170 7180
    of Students
    2 6 10 12 9 7 4
    (b) In the figure given below, diameter AB and chord CD of a circle meet at P. PT is a tangent to the circle at T. CD = 7.8 cm, PD = 5 cm, PB = 4 cm. Find:
    (i) AB.
    (ii) the length of tangent PT.
    (c) Let A =  2   10-2, B=4   1-3-2 and C=-32-14.
    Find A2 + AC – 5B

  • Question 8
    (a) The compound interest, calculated yearly, on a certain sum of money for the
    second year is Rs 1320 and for the third year is Rs 1452. Calculate the rate of interest and the original sum of money.
    (b) Construct a ∆ABC with BC = 6.5 cm, AB = 5.5 cm, AC = 5 cm. Construct the
    incircle of the triangle. Measure and record the radius of the incircle.
    (c) (Use a graph paper for this question.) The daily pocket expenses of 200
    students in a school are given below:
    Pocket Expenses
    (in Rs.)
    Number of Students
    0–5 10
    5–10 14
    10–15 28
    15–20 42
    20–25 50
    25–30 30
    30–35 14
    35–40 12
    Draw a histogram representing the above distribution and estimate the mode from the graph.

  • Question 9
    (a) If (x – 9) : (3x + 6) is the duplicate ratio of 4 : 9, find the value of x. [3]
    (b) Solve for x using the quadratic formula. Write your answer corrected to two significant figures. (x – 1)2 – 3x + 4 = 0 [3]
    (c) A page from the ‘Savings Bank’ account of Priyanka is given below:
    Date Particulars Amount
    03/04/2006  B/F      4000.00
    05/04/2006  By cash    2000.00  6000.00
    18/04/2006  By cheque   6000.00 12000.00
    25/05/2006  By cheque 5000.00   7000.00
    30/05/2006  By cash   3000.00 10000.00
    20/07/2006  By self 4000.00    6000.00
    10/09/2006  By cash   2000.00 8000.00
    19/09/2006  To cheque 1000.00   7000.00

    If the interest earned by Priyanka for the period ending September, 2006 is Rs. 175, the find the rate of interest.

  • Question 10
    (a) A two digit positive number is such that the product of its digits is 6. If 9 is added to the number, the digits interchange their places. Find the number. [4]
    (b) The marks obtained by 100 students in a Mathematics test are given below:
    Marks 0 – 10 10 – 20 20 – 30 30 – 40 40 – 50 50 – 60 60 – 70 70 – 80 80 – 90 90 – 100
    3 7 12 17 23 14 9 6 5 4

    Draw an ogive for the given distribution on a graph sheet.
    Use a scale of 2 cm = 10 units on both axes.
    Use the ogive to estimate the:
    (i) Median.
    (ii) Lower quartile.
    (iii) Number of students who obtained more than 85% marks in the test.
    (iv) Number of students who did not pass in the test if the pass percentage was 35.

  • Question 11
    (a) In the figure given below, O is the centre of the circle. AB and CD are two chords of the circle. OM is perpendicular to AB and ON is perpendicular to CD. AB = 24 cm, OM = 5 cm, ON = 12 cm.
    Find the:
    (i) radius of the circle.
    (ii) length of chord CD.
    (b) Prove the identity (sin θ + cos θ) (tan θ + cot θ) = sec θ + cosec θ [3]
    (c) An aeroplane at an altitude of 250 m observes the angle of depression of two boats on the opposite banks of a river to be 45° and 60° respectively. Find the width of the river. Write the answer corrected to the nearest whole number. [4]
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