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Board Paper of Class 12 2020 Biology - Solutions

This paper comprises TWO PARTS – Part A and Part B.
Answer all questions.
Part A consists of one question of 20 marks having six subparts.
Part B consists of Sections A, B and C.
Section A consists of seven questions of two marks each.
Section B consists of seven questions of three marks each, and Section C consists of three questions of five marks each.
Internal choices have been provided in two questions in Section A, two questions in Section B and in all three questions of Section C.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].

  • Question 1
    (a) Answer the following questions briefly and to the point:
    (i) How many chromosomes are present in male gamete of a rat?
    (ii) Why is haemophilia uncommon in females?
    (iii) Name the disease-resistant variety of cowpea developed by plant breeding technique.
    (iv) Define Brood parasitism.
    (v) Name the vegetative propagule of Bryophyllum.
    (vi) Which geological era was dominated by reptiles?
    (vii) Define polygenic inheritance.
    (viii) What is Dobson unit?

    (b) Each of the following sub-parts, (i) to (iv) has four choices. Choose the best option in each case:
    (i) If 10 individuals in a laboratory population of 100 mice die during the period of one year, the death rate in this population will be:
    (1) 110
    (2) 0·01
    (3) 0·1
    (4) 90

    (ii) The flowers which open their petals to expose their reproductive parts to allow pollination are called:
    (1) Cleistogamous
    (2) Geitonogamous
    (3) Chasmogamous
    (4) Autogamous

    (iii) Which of the following is paired incorrectly:
    (1) Cyclosporin A - Trichoderma polysporum
    (2) Streptokinase - Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    (3) Swiss Cheese - Propionibacterium
    (4) Penicillin - Penicillium

    (iv) The pathogen which causes Syphilis:
    (1) Neisseria
    (2) Chlamydia
    (3) Treponema
    (4) Papilloma virus

    (c) Give one significant contribution of each of the following scientists:
    (i) F. Griffith
    (ii) P. Ehrlich

    (d) Expand the following:
    (i) IUI
    (ii) ADA

    (e)  Define the following:
    (i) Biopiracy
    (ii) Aneuploidy

    (f) Give a reason for each of the following:
    (i) Cyanobacteria increase the productivity in paddy fields.
    (ii) The shape of the pyramid of biomass in an aquatic ecosystem is inverted. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 2
    Give one significant difference between the following:
    (i) Linkage and crossing over
    (ii) Transition and transversion VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 3
    Study the graph given below and answer the questions that follow:

    (i) In the absence of predators which one of the two curves would appropriately depict the prey population? Give a reason.
    (ii) Time has been shown on X-axis and there is a parallel dotted line shown above. Explain the significance of this dotted line. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 4
    What is biogas? Name any two main constituents of biogas. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 5
    Explain two characteristics of cancer cells. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 6
    (a) Draw a labelled diagram of a germinating pollen grain with at least four labellings.


    (b) Draw a labelled diagram of a mature human ovum with at least four labellings. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 7
    What is outbreeding? How is it useful in animal breeding? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 8
    (a) What is biomagnification? Write two effects of biomagnification.


    (b) Write a short note on the contribution of Ahmed Khan of Bangalore. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 9
    Give three adaptations in organisms by which they avoid predation. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 10
    (a) Define decomposition. Explain main steps involved in the process of decomposition.


    (b) Write three causes and three effects of cultural eutrophication. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 11
    (i) Write two differences between homologous organs and analogous organs.
    (ii) Give one example of homologous organs and one example of analogous organs found in plants. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 12
    Describe the process of double fertilization in angiosperms. What is its significance? VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 13
    What is a bioreactor? Explain important features of a Stirred tank bioreactor. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 14
    Give three significant differences between asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 15
    (a) Explain the process of spermatogenesis in humans.


    (b) Give an account of hormonal control of oogenesis. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 16
    (a) Explain the various steps involved in Recombinant DNA technology.


    (b) Explain the steps involved in the production of human insulin by Recombinant DNA technology. VIEW SOLUTION

  • Question 17
    (a) (i) Give an account of Meselson and Stahl’s experiment.
    (ii) What is the significance of Meselson and Stahl’s experiment?


    (b) (i) Describe the Oparin Haldane Theory of origin of life.
    (ii) The tadpole larva of amphibians resembles fishes. How does this observation support evolution?

  • Question 18
    (a) Draw a labelled diagram to show the life cycle of Plasmodium.


    (b) Draw a labelled diagram to show replication of HIV in human cells. VIEW SOLUTION
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