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Board Paper of Class 12 2018 Chemistry - Solutions

All questions are compulsory
Question 1 is of 20 marks having four sub parts, all of which are compulsory.
Question numbers 2 to 8 carry 2 marks each, with any two questions having internal choice.
Question numbers 9 to 15 carry 3 marks each, with any two questions having an internal choice.
Question numbers 16 to 18 carry 5 marks each, with an internal choice.
All working, including rough work, should be done on the same sheet as, and adjacent to the rest of the answer.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
Balanced equations must be given wherever possible and diagrams where they are helpful.
When solving numerical problems, all essential working must be shown.
In working out problems, use the following data:
Gas constant R = 1·987 cal deg–1 mol–1 = 8·314 JK–1 mol–1 = 0·0821 dm3 atm K–1mol–1 1 l atm = 1 dm3 atm = 101·3 J. 1 Faraday = 96500 coulombs.
Avogadro’s number = 6·023 × 1023

• Question 1
(a) Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate word/words from those given in the brackets:
(square pyramidal, electrical, 74, 26, sp3d2, sp3d, chemical, 68, 32, tetrahedral, yellow, white, iodoform, Lucas)
(i) A Galvanic cell converts _______ energy into ______ energy.
(ii) The percentage of unoccupied spaces in bcc and fcc arrangements are _______ and ________ respectively.
(iii) Propan-2-ol on reaction with iodine and sodium hydroxide gives ______ precipitate and the reaction is called ________test.
(iv) The geometry of XeOF4 molecule is ________ and the hybridisation of xenon atom in the molecule is __________.

(b) Complete the following statements by selecting the correct alternative from the choices given:
(i) During the course of an SN1 reaction, the intermediate species formed is:
(1) a carbocation
(3) a carbanion
(4) an intermediate complex

(ii) Purification of aluminium by electrolytic refining is called:
(1) Serpeck’s process
(2) Hoope’s process
(3) Hall’s process
(4) Baeyer’s process

(iii) An aqueous solution of urea freezes at −0·186°C, Kf for water = 1·86 K kg mol–1, Kb for water = 0·512 K kg mol–1. The boiling point of urea solution will be:
(1) 373·065 K
(2) 373·186 K
(3) 373·512 K
(4) 373·0512 K

​(iv) In the dehydration of alcohols to alkenes by heating with concentrated sulphuric acid, the initiation step is:
(1) formation of carbocation
(2) formation of an ester
(3) protonation of alcohol molecule
(4) elimination of water

(c) Match the following:
​​  (i) Rate constant (a) Dialysis (ii) Biodegradable polymer (b) Glycine (iii) Zwitter ion (c) Arrhenius equation (iv) Purification of colloids (d) PHBV

(i) (1) Why does the density of transition elements increase from Titanium to Copper? (at. no. Ti = 22, Cu = 29)
(2) Why is zinc not regarded as a transition element?
(at. no. Zn = 30)

​(ii) Identify the compounds A, B, C and D.

(iii) Calculate the osmotic pressure of a solution prepared by dissolving 0·025g of K2SO4 in 2·0 litres of water at 25°C assuming that K2SO4 is completely dissociated. (mol. wt. of K2SO4 = 174 g mol–1)

​(iv) What type of isomerism is shown by the following coordination compounds:
[Pt Cl2 (NH3)4)] Br2 and [Pt Br2(NH3)4] Cl2.
Write their IUPAC names.
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 2
(i) Write the rate law expression for the reaction A + B + C → D + E , if the order of reaction is first, second and zero with respect to A, B and C, respectively.
(ii) How many times the rate of reaction will increase if the concentration of A, B and C are doubled in the equation given in (i) above?

OR

The rate of reaction becomes four times when the temperature changes from 293 K to 313 K. Calculate the energy of activation (Ea) of the reaction assuming that it does not change with temperature. (R = 8·314 J K–1 mol–1) VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 3

(a) How do antiseptics differ from disinfectants?

(b) State the role of the following chemicals in the food industry:
(i) Sodium benzoate
(ii) Aspartame
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 4
An aromatic organic compound [A] on heating with NH3 and Cu2O at high pressure gives [B]. The compound [B] on treatment with ice cold solution of NaNO2 and HCl gives [C], which on heating with Cu/HCl gives compound [A] again. Identify the compounds [A], [B] and [C]. Write the name of the reaction for the conversion of [B] to [C]. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 5
Write the names of the monomers for each of the following polymers:
(a) Bakelite
(b) Nylon – 2 – nylon – 6 VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 6
Name the purine bases and pyrimidine bases present in RNA and DNA. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 7
How will you obtain the following? (Give balanced equation.)
(i) Picric acid from phenol.
(ii) Ethyl chloride from diethyl ether.

OR

How will you obtain the following? (Give balanced equation.)
(i) Anisole from phenol
(ii) Ethyl acetate from ethanol. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 8
40% of a first order reaction is completed in 50 minutes. How much time will it take for the completion of 80% of this reaction? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 9
The freezing point of a solution containing 5·85g of NaCl in 100g of water is −3·348°C. Calculate van’t Hoff factor ‘i’ for this solution. What will be the experimental molecular weight of NaCl?
(Kfor water = 1·86 K kg mol–1, at. wt. Na = 23, Cl = 35·5)

OR

An aqueous solution containing 12·48g of barium chloride (BaCl2) in 1000g of water, boils at 100·0832°C. Calculate the degree of dissociation of barium chloride. (Kfor water = 0·52 K kg mol–1, at. wt. Ba = 137, Cl = 35·5) VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 10
Examine the defective crystal given below and answer the question that follows:
 A+ B– A+ B– A+ B– B– A+ B– A+ B– A+ A+ B– A+ B– A+ B–

State if the above defect is stoichiometric or non-stoichiometric. How does this defect affect the density of the crystal? Also, write the term used for this type of defect. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 11
Give reason for each of the following:
(a) For ferric hydroxide sol the coagulating power of phosphate ion is more than chloride ion.
(b) Medicines are more effective in their colloidal form.
(c) Gelatin is added to ice creams. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 12
(a) For the complex ion [Fe(CN)6]3–, state:
(i) the type of hybridisation.
(ii) the magnetic behaviour.
(iii) the oxidation number of the central metal atom.
(b) Write the IUPAC name of [Co(en)2Cl2]+ ion and draw the structures of its geometrical isomers. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 13
Explain why:
(i) Mn2+ is more stable than Fe2+ towards oxidation to +3 state.

(At. no. of Mn = 25, Fe = 26)

(ii) Transition elements usually form coloured ions.

(iii) Zr and Hf exhibit similar properties.

(At. no. of Zr = 40, Hf = 72)

OR

Complete and balance the following chemical equations:
(i) KMnO+ KI + H2SO→ _____ + ______ + ______ + _______
(ii) K2Cr2O+ H2SO+ H2S → _____ + ______ + ______ + _______
(iii) KMnO+ H2SO+ FeSO→ _____ + ______ + ______ + _______ VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 14
(a) Arrange the following in the increasing order of their basic strength:
C2H5NH, C6H5NH, (C2H5)2NH

b) Give a balanced chemical equation to convert methyl cyanide to ethyl alcohol.

(c) What happens when benzene diazonium chloride reacts with phenol in weak alkaline medium? (Give balanced equation). VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 15
Name the sulphide ore of Copper. Describe how pure copper is extracted from this ore. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 16
(i) Calculate the emf and Δ𝐺° for the cell reaction at 25°C:
$\mathrm{Zn}\left(\mathrm{s}\right)\underset{\left(0·1\mathrm{M}\right)}{\left|{\mathrm{Zn}}_{\left(\mathrm{aq}\right)}^{2+}\right|}\underset{\left(0·01\mathrm{M}\right)}{\left|{\mathrm{Cd}}_{\left(\mathrm{aq}\right)}^{2+}\right|}{\mathrm{Cd}}_{\left(\mathrm{s}\right)}$

Given E° Zn2+/Zn = –0·763 and E°Cd2+/Cd = –0·403V

(ii) Define the following terms:
(1) Equivalent conductivity
(2) Corrosion of metals

OR

(i) The specific conductivity of a solution containing 5 g of anhydrous BaCl(mol. wt. = 208) in 1000 cm3 of a solution is found to be 0·0058 ohm–1cm–1.
Calculate the molar and equivalent conductivity of the solution.
(ii) What is an electrochemical series? How is it useful in predicting whether a metal can liberate hydrogen from acid or not? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 17
(i) Explain why:
(1) Nitrogen does not form pentahalides.
(2) Helium is used for filling weather balloons.
(3) ICl is more reactive than I2.

(ii) Draw the structures of the following:
(1) HClO4
(2) H3PO3

OR

(i) Explain why:
(1) Mercury loses its meniscus in contact with ozone.
(2) Halogens are coloured and the colour deepens on moving down in the group from fluorine to iodine.
(3) Hydride of sulphur is a gas while hydride of oxygen is a liquid.

​(ii) Complete and balance the following reactions:
(1) NaCl + MnO+ H2SO→ _______ + _______ + ________ + _____
(2) KMnO+ SO+ H2O → _______ + _______ + __________
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 18
(i) Give balanced equations for the following reactions:
(1) Benzaldehyde reacts with hydrazine.
(2) Acetic acid reacts with phosphorous pentachloride.
(3) Acetone reacts with sodium bisulphite.

​(ii) Give one chemical test each to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds:
(1) Ethanol and acetic acid
(2) Acetaldehyde and benzaldehyde

OR

(i) Write chemical equations to illustrate the following name reactions:
(1) Clemmensen’s reduction
(2) Rosenmund’s reduction
(3) HVZ reaction

​(ii) Explain why:
(1) Acetaldehyde undergoes aldol condensation, but formaldehyde does not.
(2) Acetic acid is a weaker acid as compared to formic acid.
VIEW SOLUTION
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