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Health and Hygiene

  • Food variety

  • There is a lot of variety in the type of food that we eat daily.

  • In addition, there is also a variety in the type of food items consumed in different parts of India.

  • For example, Appam and fish curry are popular food items of Andhra Pradesh whereas Makki ki roti and sarson ka saag are common food items of Punjab.

  • Nutrients

  • The components required by our body are known as nutrients.

  • Major nutrients present in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

  • In addition, dietary fibres and water are also required by our body.

  • Functions of Major Nutrients

  • Carbohydrates and fats are known as energy giving foods.

  • Proteins are required for growth and repair of our body. The food items containing proteins are known as body building foods.

  • Vitamins and minerals help in protecting our body against diseases.

  • Sources of Major Nutrients

  • Sources of carbohydrates - wheat, potato, maize, sweet potato, etc.

  • Sources of proteins - pulses, milk, fish, meat, etc.

  • Sources of fats - oil, ghee, milk, butter, etc.

  • Sources of vitamins –

  1. Sources of vitamin A- carrot, papaya, fish oil, etc.

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