Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Carbonyl Group – Nomenclature and Structure
In the IUPAC system, aliphatic carboxylic acids are named as follows:
By replacing the ending ‘− e’ in the name of the corresponding alkane with ‘− oic acid’
Carboxylic carbon is numbered one.
If more than one carboxyl groups are present, then the ending ‘− e’ of the alkane is retained.
The number of carboxyl groups is indicated by adding prefix, d, tri, etc. to the term ‘oic’.
The given table lists the common and IUPAC names and structures of some carboxylic acids.
Names and Structures of Some Carboxylic Acids
To view the complete topic, please