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Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions set below: Every aspect of our modern life is invaded and controlled by technology. The food that we eat, the clothes that we wear, the working of organizations, the recreations we enjoy, are all in sync with applications of science and technology. Everything that we use in our daily lives is efficient and time saving because of technology. Technology has helped us to conquer time and distance. It has revolutionized the means of communication. It has added tremendously to the comforts and convenience of our everyday life. The advancement in technology has been happening since the beginning of human history. From the invention of stone tool some 205 million years ago to the discovery of fire around 500,000 years ago, man has been making continuous advancement. The technological advancements have been exceptionally fast during the 20th and 21st century. The innovations in electronic technology and machinery brought about huge progress during this period. Technology has helped to bring people and organizations closer. It has enabled the efficient collaboration of diverse cultures in every sphere. Communication and conversation, which are important for learning and maintaining social relationships have become easier. The internet and the World Wide Web have shrunk our world. It has helped businesses to save time and cost. Technological advancements have made huge changes in the health care department as well as the education sector. Medical innovations have helped save many lives. Extensive research and innovations have enabled the development of new drugs and treatments in curing the most challenging health problems. Technical innovations like the x-ray, ultrasound device, scanning devices etc. have helped doctors to diagnose various diseases easily. It has helped to increase the lifespan of humans. Doctors can now treat anyone without any geographical barriers. Technological innovations have also greatly changed the education sector. Information is power and technology has helped increase the access to information. The easy access to information has enabled the teachers and students to do research in their subjects of interest. The use of mobile phones, computers, tablets and smart board in teaching has changed the way of teaching and learning. However, each innovation in technology also negatively affects both the environment as well as the mankind. It is feared that advancement in technology will overrule humanity. The technology will someday begin to enslave mankind and may result in the elimination of human mind and spirit. Technology shapes warfare. The advancement in technology has resulted in advanced weaponry. It has given rise to unprecedented means and methods of warfare. The weapon system has become more complicated and dangerous. We can reduce the negative effects of technology if we utilize its power in a controlled manner. Technology itself can be utilized to reduce the harm that it causes to the environment. For example, technology has led to the development of eco-friendly methods to reduce the amount of damage done to the environment. LED technology, solar energy etc. can help to protect the environment. Questions: 1. Explain the significance of science and technology in our everyday life. 2. What are the effects of technology on the health on our planet? 3. How has technology affected our social and business relations? 4. How has technology ensured a healthy and prolonged life of an individual? 5. How has technology changed the education sector? 6. Trace the advancement of technology over the years. 7. Explain the relation between technology and war. 8. How should one avoid the negative effects of technology?


 
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