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1.Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow it:
1. A disease of the brain neuron yet I circle is , or formation of a cyst in the delicate organ controlling the central nervous system that was known to affect few people till about five years ago has become common among all ages.Neurologist are concerned with the rapid rise in the incidence of neurocysticrcosis, the condition in whichtapeworms attack the brain sometimes manifesting as convulsions or severe headaches or even causing permanent damage to vision. But there are more worrying aspects to the disease. Water and green leafy vegetables, specially those grown in fields are fast becoming that most favoured route for tapeworms to enter human bodies.
2. Neurologists are now asking people to avoid raw vegetables. Neurocysticircosis is a parasitic infection of the central nervous system. The eggs of the tapeworms make their way from the intestines to the bloodstream and ultimately to the brain. The worms can wreck havoc inside the brain depending on the site of invasion. Lesion caused by neurocysts can affect sight, damage the spinal chord and even cause psychiaatric illnesses and seizures.
3. Tapeworm infection are passed in the bowel of a person who is infected the egg travels through the food pipe to the stomach. It has three pairs of hooklets and in the small intestine, it burrows though the wall. From here it enters the blood stream and gets deposited in three major organs, the brain,eyes and muscles. The disease is said to be most dangerous if not treated timely. Seizures and headaches are the most common symptoms. In the muscles it may cause lumps under the skin. Although rare, cysticerci may float in the eyes and cause disturbed vision.
4. People especially children have become so conscious about their diet that they want to eat more salads. Raw vegetables should definitely be boiled. The infection is found only on outer surface of vegetables so peeling them can be a major prevention.
1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer the following question by choosing the best of the given choices.
(a) why has neurocysticircosis become common in recent times ? (1) due to stress. (2) due to wrong food habits. (3) due to tapeworms attacking the brain. (4) due to life style changes.
(b) Why do neurologists ask people to avoid raw vegetables? (1) because tapeworm enters human bodies through vegetables? (2) because raw vegetables contain pesticides. (3) because most People do not wash vegetables. (4) vegetables are difficult to digest.
(c) In what way is neurocysticircosis damaging for human beings? (1) lessons caused by neurocysts can affect digetion. (2) lessons can affect sight, and spinal chord. (3) can affect the blood stream and intestines. (4) all the above.
(D) what are the two common symptoms of this infection? 01 (1) disturbed vision and indigestion. (2) muscle lumps and pain in joints. (3) disturbed vision and headaches. (4) seizures and headaches.
(E) Find the antonym of the word ' minor ' : 01 (1) little (2) big (3) major (4) highest
(F) Find the word in the passage which means ' abnormal growth .' (1) cyst (2) organ (3) convulsions (4) system 01
2. (a) Answer the following questions briefly. (1) In what way is neurocysticircosis damaging for human beings? 01
(2) What are the two common symptoms of this infection? 01
(3) what two precautions can be taken by people to avoid this infection? 01
(4) Why can peeling be a major prevention?
(b) Find word from the passage which mean the following. (1)
a growth containing liquid in the body 01
(2) neural
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