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Carbon: An Important Element

  • Covalent bonds
  • The bonds formed by the sharing of electrons are known as covalent bonds.
  • In covalent bonding, both the atoms (that are participating in the bonding) share electrons, i.e., the shared electrons belong to both the atoms.
  • Carbon contains four electrons in its valence shell. It always forms covalent bonds as it is difficult for it to lose or gain four electrons in order to complete its octet.


  • Allotropes of Carbon
    • Allotropes have different appearances …

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