Select Board & Class


Pictorial Feature of Plant Kingdom

Kingdom Fungi

  • It includes eukaryotes with cell wall (made of chitin), which have heterotrophic mode of nutrition. 

  • They may be saprophytic, parasitic, or symbiotic.

  • Their body consists of long slender thread-like structures called hyphae. The network of hyphae is called mycelium. 

  • The symbiotic association of fungi and algae is known as lichens. 

  • The fungi living in symbiotic association with roots of higher plants are known as mycorrhiza.

  • Fungi reproduce asexually through spores called conidia, sporangiospores, or zoospores.

  • Fungi reproduce sexually through oospores, ascospores, and basidiospores.

  • The sexual cycle involves three steps: 

Plasmogamy (fusion of protoplasm) →Karyogamy (Fusion of nuclei) →Meiosis in zygote, which leads to production of haploid spores


Four classes of kingdom fungi:


1. Phycomycetes

To view the complete topic, please

What are you looking for?