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Major Landforms Of The Earth

Question 1:

Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the major landforms?

(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

(c) What are the different types of mountains?

(d) How are mountains useful to man?

(e) How are plains formed?

(f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?

(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?


(a) The major landforms are: mountains, plateaus and plains.




A mountain is any natural elevation of the Earth’s surface. It is considerably higher than the surrounding area.

A plateau is an elevated flat land. It is a flat-topped table land standing above the surrounding area.

Mountains have peaks.

Plateaus are flattened highlands.

(c) The different types of mountains are: fold, block and volcanic.



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