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Page No 29:

Question A1:

All the plans that the Gram Panchayat plans to implement must be discussed in the ____________.

Answer:

All the plans that the Gram Panchayat plans to implement must be discussed in the Gram Sabha.

Explanation: The Gram Sabha comprises of all adult members of a village. The Gram Sabha discusses all the decisions of the Gram Panchayat to ensure that the decision is accepted by the majority. This ensures the participation of all village members in the decision making in a democracy.

Page No 29:

Question A2:

___________ assists the Sarpanch in his work.

Answer:

Panch assists the sarpanch in his work.

Explanation: Panch means the five members of the panchayat. The sarpanch is the head of the panch. The sarpanch needs to discuss all the decisions that he takes with the panch too.

Page No 29:

Question A3:

Panchayat Secretary is appointed by the _______________.

Answer:

Panchayat secretary is appointed by the government.

Explanation: The panchayat secretary is a salaried officer of the government. He is responsible for keeping track of the work done by the panchayat. He is also responsible for preparing the budget of the panchayat.



Page No 30:

Question A4:

The main source of Gram Panchayat's income are the various kinds of _______________.

Answer:

The main source of Gram Panchayat's income are the various kinds of taxes it levies on the houses and shops.

Explanation: Taxes are the primary earning source of the panchayats other than the grants of the state government.

Page No 30:

Question A5:

Ministry of Panchayati Raj was set up in _____________.

Answer:

Ministry of Panchayati Raj was set up in May 2004.

Explanation: The Ministry of Panchayati Raj was created as a separate ministry on 27 May 2004. Its mission is empowerment, enablement and accountability of PRIs to ensure inclusive development with social justice and efficient delivery of services.

Page No 30:

Question B1:

What do you understand by the Panchayati Raj system?

Answer:

The system of local governance at the three levels, i.e. district level, block level and village level is known as the Panchayati Raj system.
It is an assembly of five respected and wise elders who are chosen by all the adult members of the local community. These panchas or five elders headed by a sarpanch are responsible for solving all kinds of problems faced by the local people.

Page No 30:

Question B2:

What are the three levels of Panchayati Raj system?

Answer:

The Panchayati Raj system is a system of local governance at three levels. These are as follows:

1. Gram Panchayat - Local governance at the village level is known as Gram Panchayat. All adult villagers are a part of it.

2. Panchayat Samiti - Local governance at the block level is known as Panchayat Samiti. It is also known as the Janpad Panchayat.

3. Zila Parishad - Local governance at the district level is known as Zila Parishad and is thus also known as the District Panchayat.

Page No 30:

Question B3:

Discuss briefly the importance of Gram Sabha.

Answer:

Gram Sabha consists of all the adult members of the village. This body forms an important part of the Panchayati Raj system because of the following reasons:

1. They elect the members of the Gram Panchayat.
2. They have the right to take decisions regarding the various problems of the village.
3. They keep a check on the panchayat by making sure that it does not misuse its powers.

Page No 30:

Question B4:

Differentiate between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat.

Answer:

Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat form an integral part of the Panchayati Raj system. The differences between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat are as follows:

 

Gram Sabha Gram Panchayat
1. It consists of all the adult members of the village. 1. It consists of five people elected by the Gram Sabha.
2. It is a discussion place for all plans of the panchayat such as annual budget for developmental schemes and personal problems. 2. Its main functions are to collect taxes, maintain records, implement government schemes and ensure the welfare of the people.
3. They keep a check on the panchayat. 3. Every work undertaken by the panchayat needs to be approved by the Gram Sabha.

Page No 30:

Question B5:

What is the relationship between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat?

Answer:

The Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat together are responsible for the smooth functioning of the village. They are related to each other in the following ways:

1. The members of the Gram Panchayat are elected by the members of the Gram Sabha.

2. The work undertaken by the Panchayat is discussed in the sabha and can be implemented only if it has been approved by the members of the sabha.

3. The Gram Sabha also keeps a check on the working of the panchayat. It prevents them from taking advantage of their power and making unfair and wrong decisions.

Page No 30:

Question B6:

How are the members of the Gram Panchayat elected?

Answer:

The panchayat consists of five, wise and respected elders of the village. These panchas are elected by the members of the Gram Sabha by voting through a system of secret ballot.
A Gram Panchayat consists of a village or two to three villages together, which are divided into wards. One candidate stands for election from each ward. The successful candidate from all the wards form the panch. The head of the panchas is called the sarpanch who is selected through voting among the panchas.

Page No 30:

Question B7:

List two sources of income of the Gram Panchayat.

Answer:

The Gram Panchayat is responsible for the management and development of the village. To carry out its task, it requires a lot of money. The main sources of income of the Gram Panchayat are as follows:

1. Taxes levied on houses and shops, professional taxes, pilgrimage taxes and animal trade.

2. Grants from the state government and the Zila Parishad.

Page No 30:

Question C1:

Discuss the main functions of the Gram Panchayat.

Answer:

The Gram Panchayat is the local elected body of a village. It is responsible for looking after the local affairs of the village and its social and economic development. Following are its main functions

1. Collecting taxes and other fees

2. Looking after the social welfare of the people, which includes:
                 - Health, education, communal harmony, social justice
                 - Dispute resolution (land and family disputes)
                 - Welfare of children, especially the girl child

3. Development of local infrastructure like schools, hospitals, roads, plantation of trees and sanitation

4. Maintenance of the records of births, marriages and deaths

5. Implementation of schemes announced by the government for the benefit of the villagers

Page No 30:

Question C2:

Why do you think women have been given a representation in the Panchayats? Will this help in anyway?

Answer:

In 2009, the Government of India approved 50% reservation of women in the Panchayati Raj Institutions. Today, near about 1.5 billion women are a part of these institutions.
Women were given representation in the village panchayat for the following reasons:

1. To change the attitude of people towards women

2. To bring women at equal par with men in all respects

3. To bring change in the society by upliftment of the women in all matters such as women's health, education and employment opportunities.

Yes, giving representation to the women in the panchayat will help them in the following ways:

1. They will have the right to speak for themselves and other women as well.
2. They can help in eradicating social evils in the village related to women like child marriage, gender discrimination, dowry deaths, etc.
3. They can work for making women self-dependent by educating them and providing them employment opportunities.

Thus, representation of women in panchayat and other bodies has given confidence to them to voice their opinions on several social evils.



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