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Question A1:

Municipal Corporations are set up in the cities having a population of more than ____________.

Answer:

Municipal corporations are set up in the cities having a population of more than 200,000.

Explanation: As per the 73rd Amendment of the Constitution, all urban centres with a population of more than 200,000 are to administered by municipal corporations.

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Question A2:

To fulfil its duty towards providing education, the Municipal Corporation runs several ___________ and ____________ schools.

Answer:

To fulfil its duty towards providing education, the municipal corporation runs several primary and secondary schools.

Explanation: Providing education is one of the primary task of the municipality. To encourage education among different age groups, several primary and secondary schools are run by the municipal corporation.

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Question A3:

Ward Councillors are ___________ by the people while Municipal Commissioner is ___________ by the government.

Answer:

Ward councillors are elected by the people while municipal commissioner is appointed by the government.

Explanation: The ward councillor is the representative of people and is elected by them. On the other hand, the commissioner sees to it that all decisions of taken are well executed and hence a government representative.

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Question A4:

The decisions made by the Councillors are implemented by the Commissioner and his ____________ staff.

Answer:

The decisions made by the councillors are implemented by the commissioner and his administrative staff.

Explanation: Implementation and administration of policies for a big urban centre definitely require the involvement of many people. Therefore, the decisions made by the councillors are implemented by the commissioner and his administrative staff.

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Question A5:

Whenever the Municipal Corporation initiates a project involving lots of money, it receives ____________ from the government.

Answer:

Whenever the municipal corporation initiates a project involving lots of money, it receives grants from the government.

Explanation: The state government extends aid to the municipal corporations in the form of grants to let them efficiently conduct their tasks.

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Question B1:

List a few ways in which the Muncipal Corporation affects the life of the people.

Answer:

The municipal corporation is responsible for the effective running of the local affairs of the cities. It affects the life of the people as it is responsible for the smooth running of their everyday lives. Following are the duties of the municipal corporations:

1. Maintaining the health and sanitation (garbage collection, fire brigades, vaccination, etc.)

2. Constructing local infrastructure (hospitals, schools, community centres, etc.)

3. Registering the births and deaths in the city

4. Making and implementing the developmental plans for the city

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Question B2:

Who are Councillors?

Answer:

The councillors are responsible for the running of the municipal corporations. They are elected for a term of five years from different parts of the city. These subdivisions of the city are known as wards the members are, thus, also called ward councillors. People report all the grievances regarding their localities to these ward councillors.

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Question B3:

What is the term for which the members of the Corporation and Panchayat are elected?

Answer:

The term of service in the corporation varies from member to member. The councillors are elected for a term of five years, whereas the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, Chairman and Deputy Chairman are appointed for a term of one to two and a half years in different corporations.
The members of the panchayat are elected for a term of five years.

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Question B4:

Which Committee of the Corporation takes policy decisions?

Answer:

All the activities of the municipal corporation are conducted with the help of a number of committees. These are called standing committees. The policy decisions in the corporations are taken by these standing committees.
For example, there is a standing committee for finance, health, public work, etc., which decides how the work related to a specific field needs to be done in the city.

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Question B5:

Who implements all the decisions of the Corporation?

Answer:

The municipal commissioner is the executive head of the municipal corporation and is appointed by the government. He is responsible for the implementation of all decisions of the corporation.

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Question C1:

Discuss the means through which the corporation earns its income.

Answer:

The municipal corporation is responsible for the execution and implementation of policies for social and economic development of a specific urban centre. Therefore, they need money for infrastructure, maintenance and transportation. Their main source of income is revenue collection through various means, which can be discussed as under:

1. Octroi is the main tax collected by the corporation. It is the tax levied on the goods that come into town.

2. Other taxes like water, electricity and pilgrimage taxes are also a source of income.

3. They receive loan from the government.

4. The state government also provides financial assistance to the corporation.

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Question C2:

Describe briefly the administrative structure of the Corporation.

Answer:

Municipal corporations are set up in large urban areas or cities with population over 200,000. For effective administration of the area, the municipal corporation employs many people. Its administrative structure can be discussed as below:

1. The Municipal Commissioner is the head of the administrative staff. He is responsible for implementing all decisions taken by the corporation.

2. Every municipal corporation has a standing committee that makes all the policy decisions.

3. The corporation sets up separate committees to deal with different issues like water supply, garbage collection, health, transport, etc.

4. Each department has a head officer who assists the Municipal Commissioner like the Chief Medical Officer, Education Officer, etc.

5. The corporation also sets up ward committees, which consist of representatives from two or more wards.

All these workers are responsible for the effective functioning of an urban centre.



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