Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 Diversity are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Diversity are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Social science Diversity Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions. All Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 54:

Question A1:

The occupation based on the use of natural resources are termed as _______________.

Answer:

The occupation based on the use of natural resources are termed as primary occupations.

Explanation: Agriculture can be stated to be the finest example of primary occupation.

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Question A2:

In the cities we mostly find ___________ occupations.

Answer:

In the cities, we mostly find tertiary occupations.

Explanation: Since skilled and educated people are concentrated in the cities, tertiary sector prospers there. Also, since the demand for facilities such as banks and transport is high in urban areas, this sector helps in meeting this demand by providing employment to the people.

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Question A3:

According to survey people working on the street form ________ percent of the total working population.

Answer:

According to a survey, people working on the streets form 12 per cent of the total working population.

Explanation: In India, a huge percentage of people work in the unorganised sector, where they do not get safe, healthy and worthy work environment. People working on the streets face difficulty in earning their livelihood.

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Question A4:

Business men are _____________ as they are not employed by the anybody.

Answer:

Businessmen are self-employed as they are not employed by anybody.

Explanation: The person who works for himself is said to be self-employed. Thus, while a businessman is self-employed, a government official is not.

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Question A5:

Regular employees receive benefits of __________, ____________ and ___________.

Answer:

Regular employees receive benefits of pension, medical facilities and holidays.

Explanation: Organised labour have several benefits. They have the benefits of leaves and ascertained holidays. After retirement, they still receive a part of their salary as pension. Sick leaves and medical allowances are also granted.

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Question B1:

What is meant by secondary occupations?

Answer:

Secondary occupations are those occupations that deal with the processing of raw material and the conversion of primary products into useful goods.

Examples:
1. Textile industry where raw cotton is used to manufacture clothes.
2. Food processing industry where raw ingredients are used to produce food like the production of jaggery from sugarcane.
                          

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Question B2:

Discuss the condition of the street hawkers.

Answer:

Street hawkers are a significant part of the street population in cities. There are about 10 million street vendors in India. They sell a variety of products for daily consumption such as fruits, vegetables and other items like handicrafts, garments, newspapers and magazines.
The condition of the street hawkers is very bad due to the following reasons:
1. They are given a lower status in the society as compared to others.
2. They have no social security and can only sell their goods in certain areas.
3. They are humiliated and beaten by the police. Therefore, to protect themselves, they sometimes have to pay money to the police.
4. They have temporary living arrangements, which can be destroyed anytime.
5. They have no fixed income.

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Question B3:

How do the hawkers act as a social and cultural outlet of the people?

Answer:

The street hawkers are an important part of the urban society as they provide various goods and services to the middle and lower middle-class urban population.
They act as a social and cultural outlet for the people in the following ways:

1. They serve as the place for social gatherings. For example, some hawkers like the tea vendors help in establishing social relations among people. Their shops become a place for discussions on various topics.
2. People relax at these places after a long tiring day at work.

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Question B4:

How do migrant workers live in the cities?

Answer:

The migrant workers come to big cities from rural areas in the search of employment. Following are the problems that they face in the cities:
1.The opportunities in the cities are limited; most of the migrant workers end up working for low wages at construction sites or as domestic servants.
2.They have no job security and have to work in unsafe working conditions.They are not given any compensation if they get injured.
3.They are sometimes subjected to verbal or sexual abuse, especially the women workers.
4.They have temporary settlements or live in slums as they are unable to afford a house.
5.They do not have access to clean drinking water and proper health care.

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Question B5:

What are the benefits that are not available to the wage earners?

Answer:

The wage earners do not get a monthly salary but are employed on a daily basis. Since they are not regular workers, they are deprived of certain facilities, such as

1. They do not have any job security and can be fired without prior notice.
2. Their wages are so low that they are not enough for fulfilling even their basic needs.
3. They are not given medical facilities.
4. There is no proper mechanism where their complaints can be heard.
5. They have to live under unhygienic conditions.

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Question B6:

What do you think are the advantages of being self employed?

Answer:

Self-employed people are those who work for themselves, i.e. they are not employed by some other person for a wage or salary. There are a lot of advantages of being self employed. Following are some of the advantages:

1. They work for themselves and are not to answerable to anyone.
 
2. They work according to their own time and will.

3. Self-employed people get a lot of self-satisfaction as all the rewards are a result of their own hard work.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

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Question C1:

Do you think the presence of hawkers in the city is a nuisance to the traffic?

Answer:

Street vendors make a significant contribution towards the development of the urban economy. However, since they have no fixed place, they travel all over the cities and thereby cause the following traffic related problems:

1. The street vendors and their carts block the roads that lead to traffic jams, especially in small and crowded streets.

2. Accidents occur frequently between vehicles and the street vendors.

Thus, the government needs to allocate certain areas for the street vendors to sell their goods. This will help in clearing the roads of all unnecessary traffic.

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Question C2:

How are the works of regular employees, wage earners and businessmen different from each other?

Answer:

The urban societies are a hub of different types of workers. The most important categories of workers in the urban societies are
1. The businessmen
2. The regular employees
3. The wage earners

The following points will help in understanding how their work is different from each other:
Businessmen:
1. They have their own companies and are not employed by anyone.
2. They invest money in business by themselves or take loan from the government.
3. They have no fixed working hours, i.e they work according to their convenience.
4. They often hire other people to work for them.
5. They need to have a licence to do business.
Example: Shop keepers, garment manufacturers, etc.

Regular employees:
1. They are permanently employed in the offices of both the public and private sector.
2. They receive salary every month.
3. They have fixed working hours.
4. They enjoy certain benefits like medical insurance, loans and holidays.
Example: Doctors, lawyers, teachers, etc.

Wage earners:
1. They are employed on a daily basis.
2. Their jobs are not permanent.
3. They do not have any job security or other benefits like medical insurance, loans, holidays, etc.
4. Their working hours are not fixed and sometimes they have to work for long hours.
5. They work for low wages, which is sometimes not sufficient to fulfil their basic needs.
Example: Carpenters, construction workers, etc.



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