Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 Unity In Diversity are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Unity In Diversity are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Social science Unity In Diversity Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Book of Class 6 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions. All Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for class Class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 55:

Question A.1:

The most important unit of administration is a

a. country
b. pargana
c. district
d. tehsil

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: A district or zila is a unit of the Indian administrative system. It is managed by the local government. Districts are further divided into subdivisions called Tehsils. The district collector or district magistrate is responsible for administering a district.

Page No 55:

Question A.2:

Maintaining law and order in the district is the most important responsibility of the

a. District Collector
b. Police Officer
c. Panchayati Raj
d. Mayor

Answer:

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: The district collector, also known as the district magistrate, is a member of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). He/she bears the responsibility of administering a district. He/she, along with the officials placed under him/her, ensures the efficient management of law and order in the district.

Page No 55:

Question A.3:

_____________ are important for determining the rightful owner of the land.

a. Policemen
b. District Collector
c. Land records
d. Chowkidars

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: An important function of the district administration is maintenance of land records and collection of revenue. Land records are an important document for determining the rightful owner of the land. These also enable the farmers to easily secure loans from banks.



Page No 56:

Question A.4:

Land records at the village level are taken care of by the

a. Kanungo
b. Tehsildar
c. District Collector
d. Chowkidar

Answer:

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: At the village level, Kanungo is responsible for matters related to the collection of revenue. The maintenance of land records is also done by the Kanungo. He/she is popularly known as the revenue inspector.

Page No 56:

Question A.5:

The highest court in the district for criminal cases is the court of the ___________ judge.

a. district
b. additional district
c. sessions
d. judicial

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: The court of the sessions judge is the highest in a district for criminal cases. Serious criminal offences like dacoities and murders are tried in such courts.

Page No 56:

Question A.6:

The district courts function under the

a. supreme court
b. high court
c. sessions court
d. additional district judge

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: The highest judicial authority of a state is the high court. The district courts function under the high court. If a person is not satisfied with the decision of the district courts, then he/she has the right to move to the high court.

Page No 56:

Question B.1:

There are 525 districts in our country.                          ___________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: For administrative convenience and better governance, our country has been divided into 29 states and 7 union territories. They are subdivided into smaller units known as districts. At present, there are more than 600 districts in India.

Page No 56:

Question B.2:

The District Collector is a member of the India Administrative Services.                ___________

Answer:

The given statement is True.

Explanation: The district collector or the district magistrate is in charge of the administration of a district. He/she is a member of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and is selected through the exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Many officials work under him/her for efficient administration of the district.

Page No 56:

Question B.3:

The inspector of Police is the highest ranking police officer in a district.                ____________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: The superintendent of police is the highest ranking police officer in a district. He works under the supervision of the district magistrate. He is responsible for maintaining peace and security in a district.

Page No 56:

Question B.4:

Cases concerning property and financial disputes fall under criminal courts.           ___________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: The cases concerning property and financial disputes are tried by the civil courts. The district judge and the additional district judge are responsible for trying the civil cases.

Page No 56:

Question B.5:

The court of the Sessions judge is the highest court of civil cases in a district.           ___________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: The court of the sessions judge is the highest court of criminal cases in a district. Serious cases of criminal offence like dacoity and murder are tried by this court.

Page No 56:

Question C.1:

Why have States and Union Territories been divided into smaller units? What are these units called?

Answer:

Being a large country, India is divided into states and union territories. They have been further divided into smaller units. This has been done because carrying out the administration of the huge country like India from one place is not possible. The division of the country into several units has enabled better governance of the country. These smaller units are known as districts. Today there are more than 600 districts in India.

Page No 56:

Question C.2:

What is the role of the district collector regarding the maintenance of law and order?

Answer:

The district collector or the district magistrate is in charge of the administration of a district. He/she is the member of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS). He/she plays an important role in maintaining peace and order in the district and also passes orders to check the lawlessness and rioting in a district.

Page No 56:

Question C.3:

Why is maintenance of land records important?

Answer:

The most important responsibility of district administration is the maintenance of land records. It is important for the following reasons:

  • It helps in determining the rightful owner of a land.
  • It enables the farmers to easily secure loans from banks.

Page No 56:

Question C.4:

What civic amenities does the district administration provide for?

Answer:

The facilities that the government provides to the common people are known as the civic amenities. The district administration provides for the following amenities:

  • Healthcare facilities
  • Education facilities
  • Maintenance of roads
  • Proper supply of water
  • Building of infrastructure

Page No 56:

Question C.5:

How does the district administration help during emergency situations?

Answer:

Emergency situations like natural disasters can arise anytime. It is the responsibility of the district administration to deal with such situations. When emergencies like flood, famine, fire, epidemic or earthquake occur in a district, the administration ensures that certain facilities for relief like food, water and shelter are readily provided to the victims.

Page No 56:

Question D.1:

List the main functions of the district administration.

Answer:

The most important unit of administration at the grass-roots level is a district. The district collector or district magistrate is a member of the Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and is in charge of the administration of a district. The main functions of the district administration are as follows:
  • Maintaining law and order in the district
  • Providing relief work in case of emergencies like flood and famine 
  • Maintenance of land records and revenue collection
  • Providing civic amenities and monitoring the overall development process
  • Supervision of the working of the Panchayati Raj System.

Page No 56:

Question D.2:

Who is the main official responsible for revenue collection? How do the Kanungo and Lekhpal help him?

Answer:

Revenue collection is essential for the functioning of the government. The main officer responsible for this task is the sub-divisional officer. He/she acts as a link between the district magistrate and Tehsildar in the revenue matters. The Tehsildar is responsible for revenue collection at the Tehsil level. He is assisted by Naib-Tehsildar, Lekhpal and Kanungo. The Kanungo and Lekhpal are responsible for maintaining land records at the village level. The maintenance of land records help in determining the ownership of a land. They also assist in the work of revenue collection.

Page No 56:

Question D.3:

What is the difference between the civil and criminal courts? Who is incharge of these courts?

Answer:

The differences between the civil and criminal courts are mentioned in the following table:
 

Civil Courts Criminal Courts
Civil cases are tried in these courts. Criminal cases are tried in these courts.
Civil courts deal with matters related to money, debts, property, divorce, etc. Criminal courts deal with matters related to murder, robbery, assault, dacoity, etc.
Civil court judges cannot imprison or give capital punishment to the guilty. Criminal court judges have the power to send the guilty to jail or give capital punishment .

The in charge of the criminal court is the sessions judge, while the district judge or additional district judge is in charge of the the civil court.

Page No 56:

Question D.4:

What are the powers of the Sessions Judge and Chief Judicial Magistrate in a Sessions Court?

Answer:

In a district, criminal cases like murder, robbery, assault and dacoity are tried by the sessions court. It hears the case and delivers judgements immediately after the completion of arguments.

The sessions judge is the highest authority in a district in criminal cases. The powers of the sessions judge are as follows:

1. Serious criminal cases such as murder and dacoity are tried by the sessions judge.
2. He/she may impose any punishment such as imprisonment and death sentence.

The lower courts to the sessions court are headed by the chief judicial magistrate. The powers of the chief judicial magistrate are as follows:
1. He/she exercises the power of chief judicial magistrate of first class.
2. He/she can sentence imprisonment up to 7 years and can also impose fine.

Page No 56:

Question D.5:

Mohan and Ishwar are neighbours. They have a dispute over a piece of land. Both claim that the land belongs to them. How do you think this problem can be solved?

Answer:

Mohan and Ishwar's dispute is over a piece of land. It can be best solved in a systematic and legal manner by taking the case to court. As it is a dispute over land and not a criminal act, this case will be filed in a civil court. The highest court for civil cases in a district is under the charge of district judge. If the applicant is not satisfied with the decision of the court, then he can appeal in the high court, which is the highest court in the state and thereafter, the supreme court.



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