Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 6 Social science Chapter 6 Local Self Government In Urban Areas are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Local Self Government In Urban Areas are extremely popular among class 6 students for Social science Local Self Government In Urban Areas Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Book of class 6 Social science Chapter 6 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions. All Ratna Sagar Civics Solutions Solutions for class 6 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 48:

Question A.1:

The local governing body for smaller urban areas is called a

a. Nagar Panchayat
b. Municipal Corporation
c. Municipality
d. local government

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: Urban local governments are established according to the size of the town. For a small urban area, a municipality is constituted that is responsible for the developmental activities of that town.

Page No 48:

Question A.2:

A Nagar Panchayat has a term of _________ years

a. two
b. five
c. six
d. three

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: A Nagar Panchayat is established in an area that is under transition and it has a term of five years but it can be dissolved under two conditions: firstly, if it abuses the power of the office and secondly, if it proves to be incompetent.
 



Page No 49:

Question A.3:

Under a Municipality, a city is divided into

a. wards
b. zones
c. councils
d. sections

Answer:

​The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: Under a municipality, a city is divided into several wards, each of which is represented by one candidate. The candidate is directly elected by the people of that area through elections.

Page No 49:

Question A.4:

The elected head of the Municipal Corporation is known as the mayor or

a. alderman
b. commissioner
c. mahapaur
d. mahajan

Answer:

​The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: A municipal corporation is established in larger towns and its members are directly elected by the people. Its head is referred to as Mahapaur or mayor. A post of deputy mayor is created to look after the affairs of the corporation in the absence of mayor.

Page No 49:

Question A.5:

The _________ acts as a link between the state government and the municipal corporation.

a. mayor
b. mahapaur
c. president
d. municipal commissioner

Answer:


​The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: The state government appoints the chief executive officer for the municipal corporation. He is known as the municipal commissioner. He acts as the link between the state government and the ​municipal corporation.

Page No 49:

Question A.6:

The financial position of urban local bodies is reviewed by the state

a. government
b. legislature
c. inspectors
d. finance commission

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: The State Finance Commission looks into the financial position of the urban local bodies and suggests measures to the state government to improve the financial conditions of these bodies.

Page No 49:

Question A.7:

Regular collection and disposal of waste within the municipal area is looked after by the department of the

a. municipal corporation
b. municipal board
c. municipalities
d. planning committee

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: Solid waste management is a very challenging task in the urban areas. So a separate department of municipal board was established to look into this matter and work towards regular collection and disposal of waste material.

Page No 49:

Question A.8:

Plans prepared by the Panchayati Raj bodies and the urban local bodies are looked into by the

a. planning committee
b. financial commission
c. state government
d. municipal corporation.

Answer:

​The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: The state government is responsible for looking after the development process and working of the local self-government institutions. The plans prepared by the Panchayati Raj bodies and the urban local bodies are looked into by the planning committee which further makes plan for the development of district at large.

Page No 49:

Question B:

  Column A   Column B
1. Nagar Panchayats a. respectable and experienced people elected to the Municipal Corporation or Municipal Council
2. Municipal Corporations b. smaller urban areas
3. Municipal Councils c. transitional areas
4. Aldermen d. larger cities

Answer:

The correct match is as follows:
 

Column A Column B
1. Nagar Panchayats c. transitional areas
2. Municipal Corporations d. larger cities
3. Municipal Councils b. smaller urban areas
4. Aldermen a. respectable and experienced people elected to the Municipal Corporation or Municipal Council

Explanation:

1.Nagar Panchaytas--------> transitional areas

  A Nagar Panchayat is established in an area that is under transition and it has a term of five years; however, it can be dissolved under two conditions: firstly, if it abuses the power of the office and secondly, if it proves to be incompetent.

2.  Municipal Corporations -----------> larger cities

A municipal corporation is established in larger towns and its members are directly elected by the people. Its head is referred as Mahapaur or mayor. A post of deputy mayor is created to look after the affairs of the corporation in the absence of mayor.

3. Municipal Councils --------------> smaller urban areas

 Urban local governments are established according to the size of the town. For a small urban area, a municipality is constituted which is responsible for developmental activities of that town. Under a municipality, a city is divided into several wards, each represented by one candidate. This candidate is directly elected by the people of that area through elections.  

4. Aldermen------------> respectable and experienced people elected to the Municipal Corporation or Municipal Council

In a municipal corporation, the members who are very respectable and have great expertise in their respective fields are known as aldermen.

Page No 49:

Question C.1:

The local self-governments in cities as Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai are known as ___________.

Answer:

The local self-governments in cities as Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai are known as municipal corporations.

Explanation: In large cities like Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai, the local self-governments are named as municipal corporations. Their members are directly elected by the people through universal adult suffrage. The head of municipal corporations is known as mayor and members are referred to as aldermen.

Page No 49:

Question C.2:

The Nagar Panchayat has ___________, ______________ and ________________

Answer:


The Nagar Panchayat has electednominated and ex-officio members.

Explanation: A Nagar Panchayat consists of around 9 to 20 members and that number varies according to the population of the town. It has both elected and nominated members along with ex-officio members.

Page No 49:

Question C.3:

A person who is above the age of __________ can contest elections for the local self-government is urban areas.

Answer:

A person who is above the age of 21 can contest elections for the local self-government is urban areas.


Explanation: In local self-government, the members are elected by the people. Those who have attained the age of 18 years cast their votes and choose the candidate. But the candidate who contests the election should at least 21 years old.

Page No 49:

Question C.4:

The head of the Municipality is called the _______________

Answer:

The head of the Municipality is called the commissioner or president.

Explanation: The members of the municipality elect a head, from among themselves, who is referred to as the commissioner or the president. A vice-chairperson, who works in the absence of president, is also elected with him/her.
 

Page No 49:

Question C.5:

The municipalities and Municipal Corporations work under the supervision of the __________ and ______________ _______________

Answer:

The municipalities and Municipal Corporations work under the supervision of the state government and district planning committee.

Explanation: The management of the local self-governing bodies is the responsibility of the state government. So, the municipalities and municipal corporations work under their supervision only to draft plans for the development of the district altogether. Planning committees are also formed at the district level to plan development work and allocate resources.

Page No 49:

Question D.1:

What do the different forms of urban local bodies depend on?

Answer:

The different forms of urban local bodies depend on funds and money to carry out their functions. They have the authority to collect tax from the public in several activities and along with that they receive grants from the state government to manage their affairs. They even have the freedom to borrow money from the state government if the plan is approved. So, finances are of great importance in the functioning of urban bodies.

Page No 49:

Question D.2:

When can a municipality be dissolved?

Answer:

A municipality has a fixed term of five years; however, it can be dissolved earlier under the following circumstances:

  • If it does not follow the rules and regulations attached to the office
  • If it is unable to function effectively 

Page No 49:

Question D.3:

For whom are seats reserved in the municipal corporation?

Answer:

In a municipal corporation, seats are reserved for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in proportion to their population. Also, the constitution has provisions for reservation of one-third of the seats for women at all levels. This is done to provide them with proper representation.

Page No 49:

Question D.4:

What role do committees play in municipalities and the municipal corporation?

Answer:

The committees play a very important role in the working of municipalities and the municipal corporations. They consist of 5 to 12 members and are responsible for some specific task, for example, Public Health Committee and Education Committee play a crucial role in the city's administration.

Page No 49:

Question D.5:

Write the names of three public conveniences that the municipalities and municipal corporation provide.

Answer:

The three public conveniences that the municipalities and the municipal corporation provide can be understood as follows:

  • They are responsible for providing and maintaining public toilets and urinals.
  • They ensure proper lighting of the streets and roads and maintenance of parks.
  • They make sure that the public is provided with consumer goods and markets for fruits, vegetables and food grains.

Page No 49:

Question D.6:

What does the State Election Commission do?

Answer:

State Election Commission is constituted in every state that is responsible for conducting elections of the local self-government at both rural and urban levels. It make plans for carrying out the elections efficiently and in a fair manner. It is the duty of the general public to cooperate with the State Election Commission.



Page No 50:

Question E.1:

What is a Nagar Panchayat? What does it look after?

Answer:

Nagar Panchayat is a form of urban local self-government that is established in towns that are under transition, that is, they are neither urban nor rural. Since such areas are not fit for establishing a municipality, Nagar Panchayats are established here. The criteria to establish such institutions vary from one state to another. 

The functions of a Nagar Panchayat are to look after the following activities:

  • Water supply and its maintenance
  • Drainage and sewer maintenance
  • Health
  • Sanitation
  • Primary education
  • Organisation and management of fairs
  • Slum improvement

Page No 50:

Question E.2:

List the functions of the Chief Executive Officer in a Municipal Corporation.

Answer:

The state government appoints the chief executive officer in a municipal corporation who is referred as municipal commissioner. Following are the functions of the chief executive officer in a municipal corporation:​

  • He acts as a link between the municipal corporation and the state government.
  • He has to make sure that the decisions taken by the corporation are collective.
  • He makes sure that all the decisions taken by the corporation should be implemented right on time.
  • He also has the power to appoint the lower level employees.
  • He coordinates between the working of several departments like education, health, engineering and sanitation.

Page No 50:

Question E.3:

Discuss the functions of the Municipalities and Municipal Corporation.

Answer:

The functions of a municipality and a municipal corporation can be understood as follows:

  • They are required to provide facilities for public hygiene and maintain them in a good condition.
  • In order to maintain good standards of public health and safety , the authorities are responsible for providing hospitals, health care centres, dispensaries and other medical facilities. 
  • They ensure that vaccinations are provided for diseases like cholera, tuberculosis and polio.
  • Education facilities like schools and vocational centres must be readily available to general public so that everybody gets a chance to develop themselves. 
  • They have to maintain a record of deaths and births in their respective town or cities.
  • The building and maintenance of roads and bridges is the responsibility of municipalities.
  • Ensuring that public transportation facilities are made readily and cheaply available for the general public is also the responsibility of municipalities.

Page No 50:

Question E.4:

What are the benefits of the waste treatment process?

Answer:

Waste management is an important function of the municipalities. The benefits of waste treatment process are as follows:

  • It will help in keeping the city clean and beautiful.
  • Also, the city will remain free from the foul smell of the garbage and sewers.
  • This process will ensure that the growth of flies and mosquitoes in the garbage reduces, which will in turn, reduce the chances of the development of more health hazards in the environment.
  • The treatment of waste inhibits the growth of methane gas, which is pungent and foul smelling gas. 
  • Also, the chances of fire explosions and other hazards get reduced by a significant number.

Page No 50:

Question E.5:

What is a District Planning Committee? What are its functions?

Answer:

In order to achieve the task of development, proper planning must be carried out in detail followed by effective implementation as the next step. In a similar manner, for the development of the district, a District Planning Committee is set up by the state government to make plans for the development of rural and urban areas. Its functions are as follows:

  • Planning for the development of rural areas and allocating resources for the same.
  • Planning for the development of the urban areas and making arrangements for the allotment of resources.
  • A District Planning Committee is set up in each district to review the plans formed by Panchayati Raj institutions.
  • Keeping in view the plans submitted by Panchayati Raj authorities, the District Planning Committee makes an effective plan for the development of the district at large.

Page No 50:

Question E.6:

You have read the case study of Surat. Do you think that imposing a penalty was the main reason for making Surat a model city?

Answer:

Imposing penalty was a hard step taken by the government to make people aware that they won't go unpunished for breaking civic rules, and they need to pay more attention to keep their city clean and beautiful as it used to be. The fifty- rupee fine that the people had to pay for some offence made them realise the gravity of the situation. Imposing a penalty was one of the main reasons for making Surat a model city as this made people responsible for the cause and made the government's efforts meet good result.



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