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Page No 40:

Question A.1:

This system enables people to run their own local government in rural areas.

a. Zila Parishad
b. Block Samiti
c. Pachayati Raj
d. Democracy

Answer:

The correct answer is option (c).

Explanation: The Panchayati Raj System enables the development of the rural areas through the establishment of self government in them.
 

Page No 40:

Question A.2:

The representative of Block Samitis of the district and other members who work at the district level makes up the

a. Panchayati Raj
b. Zila Parishad
c. Gram Panchayat
d. State

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: Zila Parishad is the apex institution of the Panchayati Raj System. It enhances the work of the Block Samitis of the districts by working with them at the district level.

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Question A.3:

Out of the total number of seats this percentage is reserved for women in the Panchayati Raj.

a. two-third
b. half
c. three-fourth
d. one-third

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: One-third of the total seats and one-third of the office of chairperson seats are reserved for women. This is done to provide women the equality in terms of opportunities at every level.

Page No 40:

Question A.4:

The work done by the Gram Panhchayat and the accounts of expenditure can be reviewed by the

a. Panchayati Raj
b. Nyaya Panchayat
c. State Election Commission
d. Gram Sabha

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: Nyaya Panchayat is an important institution of the Panchayati Raj System. It has the powers of local court and can review the work done by the Gram Panchayat and pass judgements.

Page No 40:

Question A.5:

The Gram Panchayat is headed by the

a. Gram Sabha
b. Pradhan
c. Panchayati Raj
d. Women

Answer:

The correct answer is option (b).

Explanation: Pradhan or Sarpanch is the authority that heads the Gram Panchayat. He/she is elected by the members of the Panchayat only and is responsible for coordinating the activities of the Panchayat.

Page No 40:

Question A.6:

The Nyaya Panchayat can only impose

a. fines
b. punishment
c. justice
d. none of these

Answer:

The correct answer is option (a).

Explanation: Nyaya Panchayat is an important institution of the Panchayati Raj System. It has the powers of a local court; however, it can only impose fines and cannot send anybody to jail.

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Question A.7:

An important link between the Gram Panchayat and the Zila Parishad is the

a. Gram Sabha
b. Lok Sabha
c. Nyaya Panchayat
d. Block Samiti

Answer:

The correct answer is option (d).

Explanation: Block Samiti acts as a connecting link between the Gram Panchayat and the Zila Parishad. It is known by different names in different states; however, it is responsible for the same work.

Page No 40:

Question B.1:

The Panchayati Raj is a two-tier system.                ___________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: The Panchayati Raj System is a three-tier system. Following are its three levels:

  • Village level - Gram Panchayat
  • Intermediate level - Block Samiti
  • District level - Zila Parishad

Page No 40:

Question B.2:

Members of a Nyaya Panchayat are also members of the Gram Sabha.                  _____________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: A member of Nyaya Panchayat cannot be a member of Gram Sabha. One Nyaya Panchayat is elected for every four to five villages.

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Question B.3:

The Gram Panchayat is responsible for implementing the Community Development Programme at the village level.             ____________

Answer:

The given statement is True.

Explanation: Gram Panchayat looks into the social, economic and political needs of the village. It is responsible for implementing the community development programme at the village level.

Page No 40:

Question B.4:

Zila Parishad is the body at the apex of the Panchayati Raj System.                ___________

Answer:

The given statement is True.

Explanation: Panchayati Raj System works at three levels, namely, village level, intermediate level and district level. Zila Parishad is the apex institution in the system that works at the district level.

Page No 40:

Question B.5:

The Zila Parishad makes plans for the development of a block.                    ___________

Answer:

The given statement is False.

Explanation: It is the Block Samiti that is responsible for making plans for the development of a block. Several experts of their respective fields sit together under the jurisdiction of the Samiti for the formulation of such plans.



Page No 41:

Question C.1:

What is Panchayati Raj? What does it aim at?

Answer:

Panchayati Raj is one of the fundamental pillars of Indian democracy. It is the system for self government in the rural areas. This system aims at the development of rural areas with diligent efforts. It works towards development in fields like agriculture, trade, industry, irrigation, sanitation and other facilities in rural areas.

Page No 41:

Question C.2:

During which period did the institution of Panchayats decline. Why?

Answer:

The institution of Panchayats existed in India even during the ancient times. But during the British rule, the institution of Panchayats declined. The main reason for this was that the British did not trust the old system so they appointed new officials to look into the affairs of the people. This led to the decline of the age old institution of Panchayats.

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Question C.3:

Who is the head of the Gram Panchayat? What is she/he responsible for?

Answer:

The Pradhan or Sarpanch is the official head of the Gram Panchayat. He is elected by the members of the Panchayat. He/she is responsible for carrying out the day-to-day administration of the Panchayat. He organises the meeting and works to coordinate the affairs and activities of the Panchayat. He/she is responsible for signing important documents.

Page No 41:

Question C.4:

What does the Block Samiti work as? What is it called in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka?

Answer:

Block Samiti is an intermediate link between the Gram Panchayat and the Zila Parishad. It works in coordination with the two institutions. It is known by different names in different states. For example, in West Bengal, it is known as 'Anchalik Parishad'; in Uttar Pradesh, 'Kshetra Samiti' and in Karnataka, it is known by the name 'Mandal Panchayat'.

Page No 41:

Question C.5:

Why is the Panchayati Raj system very important in a large country like ours?

Answer:

 In a large country like ours, institutions like Panchayati Raj are â€‹very important because of following reasons:

  • Owing to the large population, it is not possible for the national or the state government to cater to everybody's needs and requirements.
  • People are facing problems related to development, living standards, etc. that can be understood and catered to only when the government is working at the grass-roots level. 
  • Thus, there is a significant need for Panchayati Raj System in our country.

Page No 41:

Question D.1:

Write a short note on the structure of the Panchayati Raj.

Answer:

The Panchayati Raj System is a three-tier system in our country. It works at following levels:

  • Gram Panchayat: It works at the village level. It is responsible for catering to the social, economic and political needs of the people in the villages.
  • Block Samiti: It is an intermediate link between the Gram Panchayat and the Zila Parishad. It is named differently in different states.
  • Zila Parishad: It is the apex body of the whole Panchayati Raj System. It works at the district level and towards the development of district.
It is a very important institution that existed even in the ancient times. The government felt the need to strengthen it and, therefore, it was formally included in the Indian Constitution.

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Question D.2:

Write five rules which became effective from April 1993 regarding Panchayati Raj.

Answer:

Ans. The five rules which became effective from April 1993 regarding Panchayati Raj are as under:

  1. Panchayati Raj system will be a three tier system- village, intermediate and district level. But if the population at the intermediate level is less than 20 lakhs so there may not be an intermediate institution.
  2. No post will be filled through indirect election, Rather arrangements have to made for timely elections for all posts.
  3. Seats will be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled tribes in proportion to their population in the said area.
  4. There is a provision for reservation of one-third seats for women at all levels including the Chairpersons.
  5. The tenure of the Panchayati Raj institutions was fixed at five years. Elections should be held before the expiry of the term.

Page No 41:

Question D.3:

Write a short note on the functions of the Zila Parishad.

Answer:

Ans. Functions of Zila Parishad are as under:

  • It is responsible for giving proper advice to Gram Panchayats and Block Samitis & assist in their functioning.
  • It acts as a connecting link between state government and bodies at the lower level.
  • It overlooks the implementation of the Five-year plans.
  • In accordance with the Block Samiti, it makes the developmental plans for the whole district.
  • It even gives advice to the State government regarding the development efforts and plans in the district level.

Page No 41:

Question D.4:

What is a Nyaya Panchayat? What is its function?

Answer:

Ans.  Nyaya Panchayat is an important institution of the Panchayati Raj System. It has the powers of local court. Though its members are elected by the Gram Panchayat only but no member of Gram Panchayat can be elected as the member of Nyaya Panchayat. The main aim of establishing this institution was to reduce hassles and fast redressal of public grievances at the grass root level.

The functions of Nyaya Panchayat can be understood as under:

  • It adjudicates the petty civil and criminal cases related to the village.
  • Its duty is to study the case on both sides and then pass on the ruling keeping all the factors in mind.
  • It can only impose fine and cannot send anybody to jail.
  • It is a fast and hassle free method of gaining justice but if the person is not satisfied he/she can appeal in the higher court.

 

Page No 41:

Question D.5:

Who is a Block Development officer? What is her/his importance?

Answer:

Ans. Block Development Officer is an important position in the Panchayati Raj system. He is the incharge of the Block Samiti with the following functions:

  • He is the nodal officer who implements all the plans related to the development of the block.
  • He coordinates in the working of the samiti and effectively implements the plan formulated by the Samiti members.
  • He owes his responsibility to the block at large.
  • He works along with the official head of Block Samiti, i.e. the Block Pramukh and aims at the overall development of his area with innovative plans and policies.

Page No 41:

Question D.6:

What role does the state government play in the Panchayati Raj?

Answer:

Ans. Panchayati Raj has been included in the State list subject in the constitution so it is the responsibility of the state to look into the proper development of the institution. After independence the need was realised to establish a system that would cater to the need of people at the ground level and strengthen the democracy at the grass root level. So the state government is expected to follow the constitutional directives and develop the institution to its fullest.

The State Government provides grants and loans to panchayati raj bodies. It can dissolve the institution at any time it feels that it is not working in accordance with the constitutional directives. It is the state government that has the sole responsibility for formulating policies related to the functioning of the Panchayati Raj System at large.

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Question D.7:

Is it fair to reserve seats for women, SC's and ST's in a Gram Panchayat?

Answer:

Ans. The provision for reservation of seats for SCs, STs and women was introduced because these sections of the society were prejudiced against in the past. They were not given equal opportunities to prove their calibre so they remained isolated from the development process. Hence they remained lagged behind. 

So looking at this perspective, the reservation that is provided to this section of society is justified to an extent. This will give them opportunity to contribute to their development. However, as society evolves, dynamic socio- economic parameters need to be applied for extending the benefits.



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