Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for Class 7 Social science Chapter 1 Democracy And Equality are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Democracy And Equality are extremely popular among Class 7 students for Social science Democracy And Equality Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Book of Class 7 Social science Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions. All Longman Panorma Civics Solutions Solutions for class Class 7 Social science are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Page No 36:

Question A.1:

Our society is based on equality, hence, there is no discrimination between men and women.

Answer:

The given statement is false.

Explanation - Since ages, women have not been considered equal to men because of the biological differences between men and women. Looking closely, one will find gender inequality in every field of life.

Page No 36:

Question A.2:

Defining of gender roles leads to gender stereotypes.

Answer:

The given statement is true.

Explanation - The socially defined roles and responsibilities for males and females leads to the gender stereotypes. It result in boys and girls being told what is the suitable behaviour for their gender at a very young age.

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Question A.3:

Gender inequality in India is a recent phenomenon.

Answer:

The given statement is false.

Explanation - Gender inequality has its roots in ancient times. Even in those times , a woman was treated as someone who could not and should not speak and was denied the basic right to education.

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Question A.4:

Women's work outside home is appreciated.

Answer:

The given statement is false.

Explanation - In the Indian context, women are considered homemaker. Therefore, their sole responsibility rests with the family. A stereotype is attached to women that they should stay at home and not go out to work.

Page No 36:

Question B.1:

What do you understand by gender?

Answer:

The social construct of roles, responsibilities and norms that are based on biological differences between a boy and a girl is referred to as gender. Gender thus is a construct of the society.

Page No 36:

Question B.2:

List a few gender stereotypes that you come across commonly around you.

Answer:

A few stereotypes that we witness around us are as follows:

  1. Boys do not cry.

  2. Girls are really bad in mathematics.

  3. Girls are bad drivers.

  4. Boys are really good at playing video games and adapting to technology.



Page No 37:

Question B.3:

What do you understand by gender inequality?

Answer:

Gender inequality can be understood as the inequality in status of men and women in the society. It has existed in the Indian society since ages and its root lays in the biological differences between a boy and a girl. This inequality is manifested in several forms, mainly in the form of roles and expectations.

Page No 37:

Question B.4:

Name a few social reformers who worked for the upliftment of women. Also mention the reforms introduced by them.

Answer:

In the 19th century, several social reformers worked for the upliftment of women. Following are the names of three of those contributors along with their contributions:

  1. Raja Ram Mohan Roy played a vital role in the abolishment of evil practice of Sati in the year 1829.

  2. Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar contributed to the enactment of Widow Remarriage Act in the year 1856.

  3. Dayanand Saraswati opened several schools for girl child and he played an important role in the field of women's education.

Page No 37:

Question B.5:

Why do you think there is inequality in jobs for men and women.

Answer:

Inequality in jobs for men and women is witnessed in the Indian society. For a very long time, women have been considered best suited for taking care of family and as a homemaker. They are not supposed to go out and work but, rather they are expected to stay in the house and look after their husband, children and family. Also, this household service is free of cost as they are not even paid for it. The economic value of service rendered is not accounted.
Women still are not regarded suitable for strenuous or office work. Still believed to be meek and feeble, serves as the ground for all inequalities.

Page No 37:

Question C.1:

Why do you think the games boys and girls play are different? What do these games tell you?

Answer:

Societies have attributed specific roles to boys and girls that they are meant to play in their whole span of life. The inculcation of socially accepted roles start with the family itself. Boys are always considered physically stronger as compared to the girls. They are given different toys to play with. For example, boys are given cars and guns to play with girls are given dolls. While boys are encouraged to undertake outdoor activities and sports, girls, on the other hand,  are encouraged to learn home-making skills even during games.

These games clearly represent the psyche of the society that considers men as stronger, both emotionally and physically. The toys given to boys are meant to boost their masculinity and the toys given to girls are clearly defined to make them stick to their feminine roles.

Page No 37:

Question C.2:

Housework is meant for women. Do you agree? Support your answer with explanation.

Answer:

In the Indian society, a woman is seen as a housewife, cook, mother, sister and a daughter who is given the responsibility to take care of her family, husband and children. She is given a lower status in society as compared to her male counterpart. A woman is also expected to be good at handling family affairs and not go out of her house for any other work. She is not even paid anything for doing all the household tasks rather she is also expected to stay economically dependant

In my opinion, a woman is equally good in all aspects of life, be it family or office. She can effectively handle all the pressure that comes with managing family with office work. She must be given equal opportunity for her own growth, which will , in turn, help in the development of society all together.

A man should not engage himself only in office, he should also participate in the household work to better appreciate the challenges faced by a woman and move towards equal division of work. This would also enable him to appreciate the dignity and importance of all kinds of work.

Page No 37:

Question C.3:

Women are physically weaker hence they should be paid less. What is the statement trying to say? Elaborate.

Answer:

"Women are physically weaker hence they should be paid less."

This statement is trying to establish the physical as well as mental superiority of men at large. It implies that physical strength should alone be the criteria for wages rather than skills and efficiency. Since ages, women have been considered emotionally and physically weak as compared to males. Hence, they are not given enough opportunities to even prove their calibre. This gender stereotyping is used as a shield to pay women less for the same job that is done by males.

Page No 37:

Question D.1:

_____________ is associated with a man and _________ ___________ with a woman.

Answer:

Technology is associated with a man and bad driving with a woman.

Explanation: Both the points are mere stereotypes and no based on any logic or rationale.

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Question D.2:

Dayanand Saraswati emphasised on _________ _________.

Answer:

Dayanand Saraswati emphasised on girl education.

Page No 37:

Question D.3:

According to Amartya Sen, ________ ________ exists is most parts of the world.

Answer:

According to Amartya Sen, gender inequality exists in most parts of the world.

Page No 37:

Question D.4:

Women's primary role is perceived as that of a _________ and _________.

Answer:

Women's primary role is perceived as that of a caretaker and homemaker.

Page No 37:

Question D.5:

About ________ percent of the jobs in the well paying professions are held by men.

Answer:

About 75 per cent of the jobs in well-paying professions are held by men.



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