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Explain any five powers of the president of india.

Asked by A.k.singhbuxar (student) , on 26/3/12

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Posted by Reecha Upadhyaya (MeritNation Expert) on 27/3/12

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 The Powers and Functions of the President of India can be broadly categorised under the following heads:
{1} Executive Powers
{2} Legislative Powers
{3} Financial Powers
{4} Judicial Powers
{5} Emergency Powers

Executive Powers:
The Executive power of the union is vested in the President Article 53, 74, 75, 77, 78, 299, 320, 310 and 311 of the Consititution deal with the executive powers of President.

Article 53 vests all executive powers in President and empowers him to exercise these powers directly by himself or through officers suboridinate to him. As per this article Supreme Command of the Defence Force of the union shall be vested in the President and the exercise thereof shall be regulated by law. 

Article 74 says: (i) Tere shall be Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall actin the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. Provided that the President may require the Council of Ministers to reconsider such advice, either generally or otherwise and the President shall act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconsideration. (ii) The question whether any, and if so what advice was tendered by ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court.

Under Article 75, The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other ministers shall be appointed by President on the advice of the Prime-Minister. By 91st amendment, the total number of Ministers including the Prime Minister in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15 per cent of the total number of members of the House of the People. It shall be the duty of the Prime Minister. (i) To Communicate to the President all decisions of the Council of Ministers relateing to the administration of the affaires of the union and proposals for legislation. (ii) To furnish such informationrelating to the administration of the affairs of the union and proposals for legislation as President may call for. (iii) If the President so requires to submit for consideration of the Council of Ministers any matter on which as decision has been taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the Council.

Article 77 talks about conduct of business of the Government of India. It says (I) All executive actions of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the President (II) Orders and other instruments made and executed in the name of the President shall be authenticated in such manner as may be specified in rules to be made by the President (III) The President shall make rules for the more convenienttransation of the business of the Government of India and for the allocaion among ministers of said business.

Under Article 310, except as expressly provided by this Constitution, every person wh is a member of a defence service, or of a Civil Service of the union, or an All- India Service, or hold any post connected with defence or any civil post under the union holds during the pleasure of the President.

Article 311 Says - No person who is a member of a Civil Service of the unionor an All - India Service, or a Civil Service of the state or holds a civil post under the union or a state shall be dismissed, or removed by an authority subordiante to that by which he was appointed. 

Under Article 320, President appoints Union Public Service Commission and determine its functions.

Under Article 2999 All contracts made in the exercise of the executive power of the union shall be expressed to be made by the President and all assurances of property made in the exercise of that power shall be executed on behalf of the President.
Besides above mentioned powers the President appoints Chief Justice and judges of theSupreme Court and the Hight Courts, Attorney - General, State Governor and other high dignitaries of the State.

The Legislative Powers of the President of India will be discussed in the next article. So please keep in touch with India Study Channel to gain more and more knowledge.

Posted by Amisha Sharma (student) on 26/3/12

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