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- Q) what are merits and demerits of democracy ?
- Q) 1sample question papersocial scienceclass-xsummative assessment-1october 2010design of question papertime : 3 hrs mm : 801. weightage to form of questionsform of questions marks of number of total markseach question question1. multiple choicequestion (m.c.qs) 1 16 162. short answer (s.a.) 3 15 453. long answer (l.a.) 4 4 164. map question 3 1 3total - 36 802. unit-wise division of questionsunit no. subject marks no. of no. of no. of map total1 mark 3 marks 4 marks questionquestion question question1. india and thecontemporaryworld ii (history) 20 4 4 1 - 20 (9)2. contemporaryindia ii (geography) 20 4 3 1 1 20 (9)3. democraticpolitics ii(geography) 20 4 4 1 - 20 (9)4. understandingeconomicdevelopment(economics) 20 4 4 1 - 20 (9)total 80 16 15 4 1 80(36)2blue print - april - september 2010social science (class x)term-is. topics mcq sa la map totalno. marks marks marks mark1. (1) the making of aglobal world ch. (4) 2 (2) 3(1) 4(1) - 9(4)or or or orthe age of industrialisationch. (5) 2(2) 3(1) 4(1)or or or orwork, life and leisure 2(2) 3(1) 4(1)ch. (6)(2) print culture and themodern world ch. (7) 2(2) 9(3) - - 11(5)or or or ornovels, society andhistory ch. (8) 2(2) 9(3) 4(1)2. (1) resources and 1(1) 3(1) - 1* 4development ch. (1) (2+1 map)(2) forest and wildliferesources ch. (2) 1(1) 3(1) - 1* 4(2)(3) water resourcesch. (3) 1(1) 3(1) - 1* 4(2)(4) agriculture ch. (4) 1(1) - 4(1) - 5(2)3. (1) power sharingch. (1) 2(2) 3(1) - - 5(3)(2) federalism ch. 2) 1(1) - 4(1) - 5(2)(3) democracy anddiversity ch. (3) - 6(2) - - 6(2)(4) gender, religion andcast ch. (4) 1(1) 3(1) - - 4(2)4. (1) developmentch. (1) 2(2) 6(2) - - 8(4)(2) sectors ofthe indian economych. (2) 2(2) 6(2) 4(1) - 12(5)total 16(16) 45(15) 16(4) 3(1) 80(36)* for map question, marks have been combined to form one question.3social science syllabusclass xtime : 3 hours maximum marks : 80term-i (1st april 2010 - 30th september 2010)unit 1 - history : india and the contemporary world iisub-unit 1.2 economies and livelihood(any one of the following)4 industrialization 1850s-1950s (chapter 4)5 urbanization and urban lives (chapter 5)6 trade and globalization (chapter 6)sub-unit 1.3 culture, identity and society(any one of the followig )7 print culture and nationalization (chapter 7)8 history of the novel (chapter 8)unit 2 - geography : india-land and people1 resources (chapter 1)2 natural resources (chapter 1)3 forest and wildife resources (chapter 2)4 water resources (chapter 3)5 agriculture (chapter 4)unit 3 - political science : democratic politics ii1 power sharing mechanism in democracy(chapter 1 and 2)2 working of democracy (chapter 3 and 4)unit 4 - economics : understanding economic development - ii1 the story of development (chapter 1)2 the role of service sector in indian economy (chapter 2)4list of map items for examinationgeographyfor identification/location and labelling on the outline political map of indiachapter 1 : resources and developmentidentification only : major soil types.chapter 2 : forest and wildlife resources(i) identification only : major areas of permanent, reserved and protected forests.(ii) locating and labelling only : corbett national park (uttaranchal); sunderban nationalpark (n.p.)(w. bengal); bandhavgarh n.p. (m.p.); sariska wildlife sanctuary (rajasthan);manas tiger reserve (assam) and periyar tiger reserve (kerala)chapter 3 : water resourceslocating and labelling ; dams: (1) salal; (2) bhakra nangal; (3) tehri; (4) rana pratapsagar; (5) sardar sarovar; (6) hirakud; (7) nagarjuna sagar; (8) tungabhadra.chapter 4: agricultureidentification and also for locating and labelling :(a) major areas of rice and wheat.(b) major producer states of sugarcane; tea; coffee; rubber; cotton jute; millets and maize.5social sciencesample question papersummative assessment i(october-2010)class xtime: 3hours m.m.: 80instructions :1. the question paper has 36 questions in all. all questions are compulsory.2. marks are indicated against each question.3. this question paper consist of two parts i.e. part i and part ii. part i of the question papercontains multiple choice questions (mcqs) from serial number 1 to 16 of 1 mark each.these sixteen questions of part i are to be answered on a separate sheet provided. this parthas to be completed in first 30 minutes only and the answer sheet must be handed over to theinvigilator before starting part ii.4. in part ii, there are twenty questions from serial no. 17 to 36 which are to be attempted in 2hours and 30 minutes. this part should be attempted the stipulated only after time given forpart i.5. questions from serial number 17 to 31 are 3 marks questions. answer of these questionsshould not exceed 80 words each6. questions from serial number 32 to 35 are 4 marks questions. answer of these questionsshould not exceed 100 words each7. question number 36 is a map question of 4 marks from geography only. after completion,attach the map inside your answer book.part i1. in which one of the following years great depression occurred in the world?(a) 1929-30 (b) 1935-36(c) 1939-40 (d) 1941-42orwho, among the following, improved the steam engine produced by new common?(a) mathew boulton (b) james walt(c) henry ford (d) grahm bell 1orwhich one of the following is correct about the annual london season?(a) it was meant for wealthy britishers only.6(b) organised for an elite group of 300-400 families.(c) several cultural events were organised.(d) all the above 12. which one of the following groups of the countries was known as the 'central powers' ineurope?(a) germany, russia france(b) russia, germany britain(c) germany, austria-hungary and ottoman-turkey(d) none of the aboveorwhich of the following group of industries was the dynamic industries of england during itsearliest phase of industrialization?(a) cotton and metals(b) cotton and silk(c) silk and footwears(d) footwear and glass 1orafter reclamation how many islands were joined together to develop the city of bombay(mumbai)?(a) seven (b) five(c) three (d) ten3. who among the following developed the first known printing press in the 1430s?(a) johann gutenburg (b) james watt(c) new common (d) marconiorwho among the following is the author of the novel 'hard times'?(a) leo tolstoy (b) thomas hardy(c) charles dickens (d) samuel richardson 14. the first printing press came to india with which one of the following?(a) portuguese missionaries (b) catholic priests(c) dutch protestants (d) east india company 1or7who among the following is the author of the novel 'pariksha guru'?(a) prem chand(b) srinivas das(c) devki nandan khatri(d) chandu menon 15. which one of the following soil types is the most widely spread and important soil in india.(a) laterite soils (b) black soils(c) alluvial soils (d) red and yellow soils 16. in which one of the following states, corbett national park is located?(a) assam (b) madhya pradesh(c) rajasthan (d) uttarakhand 17. on which one of the following rivers sardar sarovar dam is built?(a) river kaveri (b) river krishna(c) river narmada (d) river satluj 18. in which one of the following crops, india is the leading producer and exporter in the world?(a) jute (b) tea(c) coffee(d) rubber 19. which of the following minority communities is relatively rich and powerful in belgium?(a) french (b) dutch(c) german (d) english 110. what is the %age of sinhala speaking in srilanka? choose the correct option from thefollowing:(a) 58 (b) 74(c) 65 (d) 82 111. which one of the following countries fall in the category of 'coming together federation'?(a) india (b) us(c) spain (d) belgium 112. which one of the following does not come under the purview of 'family laws'?(a) matters related to marriage(b) matters related to divorce(c) matters related to adoption(d) matters related to robbery 1813. among the following criteria which one is the basis to measure the development of a countryaccording to the world bank(a) per capita income(b) literacy rate(c) gross enrolment ratio(d) life expectancy 114. which one among the following is a development goal common to all?(a) freedom(b) equal opportunities(c) security and respect(d) high levels of income and better quality of life 115. which one of the following occupation is not associated with primary sector(a) basket weaver(b) gardener(c) potter(d) priest 116. which one among the following is the most appropriate meaning of underemployment?(a) workers are not paid for their work(b) workers are working less than what they are capable of doing(c) workers are working in a lazy manner(d) workders do not want to work 117. explain the impact of great depression of 1929 on the indian economy giving threepoints. 3x1=3orexplain any three problems faced by the cotton weavers in india during mid 19thcentury. 3x1=3orexplain any three reasons for the expansion of bombay's (mumbai's) population inmid 18th century. 3x1=318. "access to books created a new culture of reading." support the statement givingthree examples". 3x1=3orexplain the contribution of women writers on the writing of novels in india.3x1=319. explain how martin luther spoke in praise of print. 3x1=39orexplain the contribution of prem chand in the field of novel writing. 3x1=320. explain giving three points how did the print culture develop in india? 3x1=3orexplain the contribution of rokeya hossein in the field of education and literature.3x1=321. what is resource planning? why is the planning of resource essential? explain any tworeasons. 1+2=322. why do we need to conserve our forests and wildlife resources? explain any three reasons.3x1=323. why is the scarcity of water increasing day by day in india? explain any three reasons.3x1=324. mention any three provisions of the act which was passed in sri lanka in 1950 to establishsinhala supermacy 3x1=325. explain overlapping and cross cutting social differences. 1½+1½=326. explain any three factors that determine the outcome of politics of social division. 327. state any three facts to show that the women face disadvantage and discrimination in ourpatriarch society. 328. explain any three different bases of comparison of economic development of different nations/ states. 3x1=329. describe any three public facilities needed for development. 3x1=330. explain any three types of unemployment found in india. 3x1=331. "workers are exploited in unorganized sectors in india". support the statement with suitableexamples. 3x1=332. explain the effects of coming of rinderpest to africa during the close of 19th century.4x1=4orexplain giving four reasons why did the industrialists of europe prefer hand labour overmachines during the 19th century. 4x1=4orwhy did well off londoners support the need for building houses for the poor in 19th century?explain in four points. 4x1=433. what is the main contribution of agriculture to the national economy? explain any three stepstaken by the government of india to modernize agriculture. 1+3=434. explain any four features of federalism. 4x1=41035. how can more employment be created in rural areas? explain with the help of four suitableexamples. 4x1=436. three features with serial number 1 to 3 are marked on the given political outline map ofindia. identify these features with the help of the following information and their correct nameson the lines marked in the map. 3x1=31. soil type2. tiger reserve3. the leading coffee producing stateorlocate and label the following items with appropriate symbols on the same map.1. hirakud dam2. sunderbans national park3. the largest producing state of bajranote : the following question is for the visual impaired candidates only, in lieu of q.no. 3636.1 what is the colour of the arid soils36.2 name the tiger reserve of kerala.36.3 in which state 'bhairodev dakar sonchuri' is developed for protecting the wildlife?3x1=311123question 36.12social sciencemarking schemeclass xpart i1. (a) or (b) or (d)2. (c) or (a) or (a)3. (a) or (c)4. (a) or (b)5. (c) 6. (d)7. (c) 8. (b)9. (a) 10. (b)11. (b) 12. (d)13. (a) 14. (d)15. (d) 16. (b)part ii17. i. the depression affected indian trade.ii. indian imports as well as exports almost halved between 1928 and 1934.iii. as international prices crashed, prices in india also plunged.iv. wheat prices fell by 50%v. although agricultural prices fell sharply yet the colonial govt. refused to reduce revenuedemands.vi. the prices of raw jute also crashed to about 60%.vii. the peasants were under heavy indebtedness.viii. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=3ori. the export market collapsed and the local market shrunk.ii. imported cotton goods were cheaper and indian weavers could not compete withthem.iii. procuring raw cotton of good quality was very difficult because the prices were veryhigh.iv. the market was flooded with machine made goods.13v. any other relevant point.any three points. 3x1=3ori. bombay (mumbai) developed into the biggest sea port along the arabian sea coast.ii. it became the capital of bombay presidency.iii. large number of cotton textile industries sprang up which attracted lot of labour.iv. it became the centre of film industry.v. it provided direct sea link with europe.vi. any other relevant point.(any three points to be explained which attracted population to the city) 3x1=318. i. before the printing press the reading of books was restricted to the elites only.ii. with the printing press a new reading public emerged.iii. books reached to the wider section of the public.iv. with the print the hearing public changed into a reading public.v. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=3ori. in the earlier stages women began writing stories, poems etc.ii. in early 20th century, women in south india began writing novels.iii. their writings allowed for a new conception of womanhood.iv. stories of love showed women who could choose or refuse, their partners andrelationships.v. some women authors wrote about the women who changed the world of both menand women.vi. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=319. i. martin luther wrote 95 theses criticizing many of the practices and ritual of the romancatholic church.ii. luther's writings were immediately reproduced in vast numbers and read widely.iii. this led to a division within the church and to the beginning of the protestant reformationiv. luther's translation of the new testament sold 5000 copies within a few weeks.v. deeply grateful to print, luther said, "printing is the ultimate gift of god and the greatestone."vi. any other relevant point.14any three points to be explained. 3x1=3ori. prem chand's novels are filled with all kinds of powerful characters drawn from alllevels of society.ii. the women characters are also strong individuals.iii. prem chand's characters create a community based on democratic values.iv. prem chand's best known work is 'godan'.v. it is an epic of indian peasantry.vi. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=320. i. the printing press first came to goa with portuguese missionaries in the mid 16thcentury.ii. by 1674 about 50 books had been printed in konkani and kanara languages.iii. catholic priests first printed tamil books in 1579 at cochin.iv. in 1713 first malayalam book was printed.v. english writing developed much after the coming of english east india company.vi. then indians began publishing indian newspapers.vii. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=3ori. rokeya hossein was a social reformer.ii. she started a school for girls in calcutta (kolkata).iii. she wrote satiric fantasy in english.iv. it shows the world in which women will take the place of men.v. her novel 'padamarag' shows the need for women to reform their conditionsthemselves.vi. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=321. resource planning is the widely accepted strategy for judicious use of resources. 1reasons1. resources are unevenly distributed over the country.2. some regions are rich in certain types of resources but are deficient in some otherresources.3. there are some regions which have acute shortage of some vital resources.4. resources are limited.155. resource planning helps in reducing wastage.6. resource planning takes care of future generation.7. any other relevant point.any two points to be explained. 1+2=322. need to conserve forest and wild life resources :1. rapid decline in forests and wildlife population.2. conservation maintains the ecological balance3. forest depletion accelerates soil erosion.4. conservation is needed to protect wildlife because wildlife is threatened by man'sintervention.5. they provide economic benefits.6. any other relevant point.(any three reasons to be explained) 3x1=323. reasons of scarcity of water :1. rapidly growing population.2. rising demand of food and cash crops.3. water resources are being over exploited to expand irrigated areas and dry seasonsagriculture.4. industrialisation5. any other relevant reason.(any three reasons to be explained) 3x1=324. a. sinhala to be the official language of srilankab. preferential policy of sinhalese in government educational institutions and jobsc. to foster buddhismd. any other relevant point 3x1=3any three points.25. social divisions take place when some social difference overlaps with other differences, thedifference between blacks and whites become a social division in the us because they tendto be poor, homeless and discriminated against. if social differences cross cut one another, itis difficult to pit one group of people against the other. consider the cases of northern irelandand the netherlands. both are predominantly christians but divided between catholics andprotestants. in northern ireland, class and religion overlap with each other. if you are catholic,you are also likely to be poor and you may have suffered a history of discrimination. in thenetherlands, class and religion tend to cut across each other. catholics and protestants areabout equally likely to be poor or rich. the result is that catholics and protestants have hadconflicts in northern ireland, while they do not do so in the netherlands. overlapping social16differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. cross-cutting socialdifferences are easier to accommodate.26. a. first of all, the outcome depends on how people perceive their identities. if peoplesee their identities in singular, it becomes difficult to accommodate.b. secondly, it depends on how political leaders raise the demands of any community. itis easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework andare not at the cost of another community.c. thirdly, it depends on how the govt. reacts to the demands of different groups. minoritiesshould also be taken care of with the majority.27. i. the literacy rate among women is only 54% as compared to 76% among men.ii. proportion of women among the highly paid and valued jobs is still very small.iii. the equal wages act provides that equal wages should be paid to equal work but inpractice it is not so.iv. parents in majority still prefer to have sons and find ways to have the girl child aborted.any three points. 3x1=328. following indicators are generally used for comparison of economic development of differentnations / states :i. per capita income : it helps in comparison of the level of development of differentregions within the country or different nations.ii. infant mortality rate : it refers to deaths among children before the age of one yearper thousand children born in a year.iii. literacy rate : it measures the proportion of literate population in the 7 and aboveage group.iv. life expectancy : average expected length of life of a person.v. gross enrolment ratio : for three levels for primary, secondary and highereducation.vi. persons living below poverty line (any three) measuring through income and expendituremethod.any three points. 3x1=329. public facilities refer to facilities, which a person cannot arrange at individual level, these areprovided by government. following are the main public facilities:i. pollution free environmentii. good infrastructure like roads, transport etc.iii. collective security for the whole localityiv. opening schools, colleges and hospitalsv. taking preventive steps from infectious diseasesvi. provision for safe drinking water, sanitation facilities etc.17vii. provision for public distribution system (or any other relevant points)any three points to be described. 3x1=330. the three types of unemployment found in india are :i. disguised unemploymentii. seasonal unemploymentiii. structural unemploymentiv. cyclical unemploymentv. technological unemployment(explain any three) 3x1=331. i. workers are paid less wages, there is no job security,ii. working conditions are poor.iii. they have to work for long hours.they can be protected by making some rules and regulations by the government.3x1=332. i. rinderpest was carried by infected cattle imported by british asia to feed the italiansoldiers invading eritrea in east africa.ii. rinderpest spread like forest fire.iii. within few years it affected the whole of africa killing 90% of the cattle.iv. the loss of cattle forced the africans into the labour market.v. the scarce resources were under the european colonizers who conquered andsubdued africavi. any other relevant pointany four points to be explained. 4x1=4ori. there was no shortage of labour at that period of time.ii. installation of machinery required large capital investment which the industrialists didnot want to invest.iii. in seasonal industries only seasonal labour was requirediv. intricate designs and different samples required human skills only.v. in victorian age - the aristocrats and other upper class people preferred articles madeby hand.vi. any other relevant point.(any four points to the explained) 4x1=4ori. living in unhygienic slums was very dangerous for the poor.ii. slums were also harmful not to the slum dwellers but also to the general public.18iii. in slums there was always fear of fire hazards.iv. after the russian revolution of 1917, it was felt that the people who are slum dwellersmay not rebel.v. any other relevant point(any four points) 4x1=433. contribution of agricultureagriculture has been the backbone of the indian economy. its share in providing employmentand livelihood to the population continues to be as high as 63 per cent in 2001.steps taken by the government.1. indian council of agricultural research established.2. agricultural universities are established.3. veterinary services are provided.4. animal breeding centre are opened.5. infrastructure like roads, electricity cold storage etc is being developed.6. development in the field of meteorology and weather forecast were given priority.7. any other relevant point.any three points to be explained. 3x1=334. a. there are two or more levels of government.b. the jurisdiction of the respective tiers of government are specified in the constitution.c. courts have the power to interpret the constitution and powers of different levels ofgovernment.d. sources of revenue of each level of government are specified to ensure its financialautonomy. 4x1=435. more employment in rural areas can be created by :a. constructing dams, canals or digging wells in villages.b. creating storage facilities and providing transport services.c. agro based industries can be set up in rural areas or semi belts.d. construction of schools.e. making provision for education and health service in rural belts can also result inemployments.f. promoting rural crafts and rural tourism is also an employment generation proposal.1936. see attached map for answerfor blind candidates36.1 varies from red to brown36.2 periyar36.3 rajasthanmap work (question no. 36 36 (or)forest andmountainous soil 1crajasthanahirakudbsunderbannationalpark3karnataka2periyar
- Q) name 5 pressure groups of india ?
- Q) what is the difference between pressure groups and political parties?
- Q) write the advantages and disadvantages of road transport?