Ryotwari settlement was a system of direct revenue collection from the cultivators. It was introduced by Thomas Munroe, the Governor-General of Madras. It was different from zamindari where the revenue was collected by zamindars. In ryotwari, the cultivators, were recognised as the owners of the land and they had to pay about half of the produce as land revenue. This system was mainly initially introduced in Madras Preasidency and later extended to Bombay. The system failed because of exorbitant demands placed by revenue officials on farmers.
@ garima- Good answer. Keep contributing.