what is the summary of julius caesar?
It is the day Caesar is likely to be crowned as the ruler of Rome. As he prepares to go to the Senate, his wife, Calpurnia, pleads with him not to leave the palace as she has seen a terrible dream and strange happenings have been reported. She fears for Caesar and in order to please herCaesar decides to stay home. Then Decius Brutus cleverly reinterpretes the dream and persuades Ceaser to go to the Senate house.
As Caesar enters the Senate in the Capitol, the conspirators under the guidance of clever Cassius and led by Brutus, move towards Caesar under the pretext of pleading the case of Metallus Climber. When Caesar rejects all their pleas one by one, Casca draws his sword and stabs Caesar. Others stab him too and when Brutus also stabs him, Caesar falls down exclaiming Et tu, Brute! ( You too, Brutus ). As Caesar's dead body lies there, the conspirators scatter to convince the public about their justice of their action. Mark Antony approaches the conspirators and after convincing them he is willing to side with them, gets permission from Brutus to speak at the funeral of Caesar. At the site of the funeral, Brutus speaks first and convinces the Roman citizens that he and his friends have acted in the intreset of Rome and its people. They all hail Brutus and his co- conspirators. Then Antony speaks and, without criticizing them, convinces the people that Brutus and the other killers of Caesar are traitors, conspirators and killers. The coward turns against the conspirators and the extract ends with Antony feeling pretty satisfied with what he has done.
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dis is a huuuuugggge lesson...de summary is also huge..
Julius Caesar is the story of a man's personal dilemma over moral action, set against a backdrop of political drama. Julius Caesar, an able general and a conqueror, returns to Rome amidst immense popularity after defeating the sons of Pompey. The people celebrate his victorious return and he is offered the crown by Mark Anthony which he refuses. Jealous of Caesar's growing power and afraid he may one day become a dictator, Cassius instigates, a conspiracy to murder Caesar. He realizes that to gain legitimacy in the eyes of the Romans, he must win over the noble Brutus to his side, for Brutus is the most trusted and respected in Rome. Brutus, the idealist joins the conspiracy, feeling everyone is driven by motives as honourable as his own. Ironically, Caesar is murdered at the foot of Pompey's statue.
The present extract is from the five Act play. It dramatizes how Caesar is murdered, and how his close friend Mark Anthony cleverly turns the mob against his conspirators. At the same time, different characters are laid bare in their moral uprightness in the backdrop of political and personal compulsions. The fickle nature of the mob is also beautifully revealed.
The setting is in Caesar's house. Caesar says that there is great turmoil in the sky and on earth. Calpurnia who is Caesar's wife had cried out in her sleep, asking for help, on seeing him murdered. She enters and asks her husband not to go to the senate house. Calpurnia says that the guard had seen many unnatural occurances of horrifying dimensions. All of these were ominous and indicated that a tragedy would befall Caesar if he went out of the house.
But Caesar said that only cowards die many times before their death. The valiant die only once. He finds it strange that people fear death when they see it as a necessary end. He agrees not to go but Brutus interpretation of the dream turns Caesar to overrule Calpurnia's fears. Caesar say that Calpurnia saw in a dream his statue "like a fountain with a hundred spouts" and running blood in which Romans bathed their hands. But Brutus twisted the interpretation saying that it indicated that from Caesar, Rome shall be great and his blood would serve as colours added to a coat of arms, as an object of reverence, mementos etc.
Brutus also says that the Roman senators wanted to offer mighty Caesar the crown. If he doesnt go that day, they may change their minds. This proves very effective on Caesar's credulous mind, and he at once gets ready to go.
Before the capitol, as per the plan of the conspirators, Metellus Cimber bows low before Caesar, pleading and fawning before him for recalling his brothers, who had been banished from Rome by a decree. But Caesar said that he is constant like the Northern Star and shall not repeal the decree. At this, the conspirators stab Caesar one by one. Brutus, too, stabs Caesar at which Casesar exclaims. Et, tu, Brute. Then Caesar dies.
Anthony enters and seeing Caesar lying dead says how Caesar with his conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils has shrunk to a "little measure". He addresses Brutus, Cassius and others and requests them to kill him too because he finds it a suitable place and time to lie by Caesar. But Brutus says that their hearts are pitiful and they receive him with all kind love, good thoughts and reverence. He perceives the situation mentally and begs to be excused by Caesar's dead body for "making his peace with his foes".
Cassius asks Anthony whether they should treat him as their friend or foe. At this, Anthony states that he is their friend but they must give him reasons why Caesar was "dangerous" and why they killed him, he also says that he would like to produce Caesar's body at the market place and speak at his funeral, Brutus says that he will be told the reason. Cassius, however, fears that Anthony might move the people's hearts against them. Brutus says then, that Anthony shall not blame them for Caesar's death and he will speak only after Brutus has spoken and with his permission.
Anthony is now alone with Caesar's dead body. He calls it the "bleeding price of earth" and calls the conspirators "butchers". Looking at Caesar, he calls him the ruins of noblest man that ever lived. He predicts that Caesar's murder will trigger a spate of calamities in the whole of Italy. "Domestic fury", "fierce civil strife" shall rage in horrible proportions. Blood and destruction will now be common. Mothers shall see their infants killed before their own eyes. Caesar's spirit shall come out hot from hell and wander in the streets to take revenge.
In the market place, Brutus is in the pulpit and addresses the mob. He tells the mob that they killed Caesar because he had become ambitious and posed a threat to the country and all the countrymen would have become his slaves. Hearing this explanation, the mob approves the conspirators action in murdering Caesar. They hail Brutus and chant "Let him be Caesar". Brutus then tells the mob to listen to Antony who was going to speak with his permission; and requests the mob to be silent and stay on till Anthony has finished speaking.
Anthony then addresses the mob in a very diplomatic manner. He says that he has not come to praise Caesar, but to bury him, for the evil that men do, lives after them and the good is interred with their bones. He says that Caesar was ambitious and he has rightly answered for it in his death. But in the next breath he explodes this by stating that Ceasar brought many prisoners home to Rome and their ransoms helped to fill the state treasury. If Brutus says that Caesar was ambitious, then ambition should be made of sterner stuff. He says sarcastically and repeatedly that Brutus is an "honourable" man. Caesar was offered the crown, thrice, but thrice he did refuse. Was this ambition? He says that they once loved Caesar, but asks what held them back from mourning for him now?
The mob sees reason in Anthony's speech and remarks. Anthony further states that if he stirs their hearts to mutiny and rage, they would do Brutus and Cassius wrong, but both Brutus and Cassius are honourable men. He has found Caesar's will in his cupboard. He doesnt want to read it, because if he does so, they would dip their napkins in his sacred blood. They could ask for Caesar's hair to keep it as a relic. The mob is now aroused. It demands that Anthony read Caesar's will.
Antony asks the mob to make a circle around Caesar's dead body, they are very impatient to hear what Caesar had written in his will. Antony confesses that by reading Caesar's will, he will be doing a great injustice to his murderers, who are so called honorable men. He rouses the mob's emotion and impatience by pointing out to the holes made by the conspirators on Caesars body. The cloak that Caesar was wearing was the same one that he had worn when he won victory over Nervie. In that same cloak were now holes made by the dagger thrust by Cassius and Brutus to stab Caesar. Brutus was very dear to Caesar. So much blood rushed out of Caesar when Brutus stabbed him, showing how unkind Brutus was to him. Caesar never would have expected Brutus to do what he did as Brutus was Caesar's well-loved friend. Was it not ingratitude? It must have broken Caesar's heart. It was a great fall for Caesar; very shocking indeed.
Antony goes on to state that he is not as good a orator as Brutus, but he is a plain and blunt man, who loved his friend Caesar very dearly. He speakes only the truth, unlike Brutus who was good at prejudiced speeches.
By now, the mob is totally moved, full of anger and see through Brutus and the conspirators wrongful act, they want to riot and burn down the house of Brutus. They now want to pursue the conspirators and want to kill them; but before that they want to know what is in Caesar's will.
Anthony reads the will. Caesar has left all his private houses, his newly-planted orchards for all his countrymen to enjoy and their future generations to come. He has also given to every Roman seventy-five silver coins. All his properties now belong to the Romans and they can use them for their pleasure. Can Rome have had another man like Caesar, Antony asks the mob.
Now the mob is fully charged, full of anger and passion and they rise in mutiny against the conspirators. They carry torches of fire in their hands, pull down everything around them to make the torches. Finally, Anthony remarks that he has instigated the mutiny, now let the mob take any course they like.
hope dis helps u
thumbs up pls....i havnt missed any incident in this summary..and also i hope you got all the incident taking place in the play....
thumbs up pls...
act 2 Scene 2
This scene occurs at Caesar's home. Caesar's wife is having bad dreams and Caesar is concerned about several bad omens. Calpurnia urges him to heed the bad omens and not go to the senate that day. Decius Brutus arrives and attempts to convince Caesar to go to the Capitol. He reinterprets the omens as positive rather than bad, and says that the people will think he is a coward if he refuses to show himself in public.
Publius, Brutus and the conspirators (without Cassius) arrive at Caesar's home. Caesar is pleased to see them and interprets their presence as support for him. He asks them to stay near him since they are his friends. Trebonius remarks in an aside that Caesar's true friends will wish Trebonius was far away from Caesar. Brutus, in another aside, expresses some guilt over Caesar's obliviousness to his danger.
Act 3 Scene 1
A servant from Antony arrives and informs Brutus that he will forgive the murder of Caesar if they can give him a good reason for why it was done. Brutus promises not to hurt Antony and has the servant go fetch him.
Antony shakes hands with the murders and says that he will love them as well as he loved Caesar and that he is sure they had good reason. He speaks of Caesar's greatness and expresses conflicting feelings over speaking with Caesar's murderers while Caesar lies dead at their feet. He convinces Brutus to allow him to speak at Caesar's funeral. Cassius warns against this but Brutus says that he will justify the assassination of Caesar at the funeral before Antony speaks.
Everyone exits except Antony. Alone Antony reveals that he is committed to starting a civil war and resisting the conspirators. His servant returns, and Antony tells him to tell Octavius Caesar (Julius Caesar's adopted heir), who has been recalled to Rome by Caesar, not to return since it is not safe for him. He exits the scene with Caesar's body.
This scene occurs at the Forum in Rome (A stadium like structure). Brutus, Cassius, and the citizens of Rome are present. Cassius and Brutus promise to explain why Caesar had to die to the Roman people, some of the citizens follow Cassius to hear his explanation while others stay with Brutus.
Brutus tells the citizens that he killed Caesar for the sake of the Roman people because he would be a tyrant and would take away their freedoms. He says that it was “Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved / Rome more.” He promises to allow himself be killed for his crime, but the citizens cheer for him to live, and seem convinced by his explanation. Brutus then allows Antony to speak, and he leaves.
Antony then gives a speech where he convinces the Roman people that Caesar was not ambitious as Brutus said. He reminds them that Caesar had refused the crown in the past and that he has always had the best interest of Romans at heart. He questions whether Cassius and Brutus are actually as honorable as they claim to be. He describes in detail the brutality of Caesar's murder by pointing to the knife wounds on his body. Antony also claims he lacks the rhetorical abilities of Brutus, and that all he has is the truth to convince the Roman people. Finally, Antony reads Caesars will, where Caesar leaves large amounts of property and money to the Roman people. He manages to gain the support of the Roman citizens against Brutus and the conspirators.
Antony's servant arrives and tells him that Octavius is already in Rome at Caesar's home. The servant says that Brutus and Cassius have fled Rome. Antony exits to meet with Octavius, declaring that Rome is now safe for him.
THIS CONTAINS ONLY THE SUMMARY OF THE PORTION WE HAV TO STUDY IN 10TH.