9. Which principle of the management is violated in the following situations?
(a) When a worker receives order from more than one boss.
(b) When the employee is given responsibility to achieve target production of 1000 units with no authority to access to raw materials.
(c) Where a worker is wasting time in search of tools in the organisation.

10. Distinguish between functional organisation and divisional organisation.

11. Bio tech Pvt Ltd is promoted to undertake projects in pollution control. This company has 5 departments under the charge of functional managers. Recently the employees of the company formed a 'recreation club' for the entertainment.
i) Identify the different types of organisations found in Biotech Pvt Ltd.
ii) Explain the features of such organisations.

Ans 9)

a. The principle that is violated is "unit of command". Each subordinate should receive orders from only one superior. This must be ensured so as to avoid any form of confusion. 

b. The principle that is violated is "authority and responsibility". When a person is accorded some responsibility, he must also be given the required authority so that he is able to complete the work effectively and efficiency. 

c. The principle that is violated is "order". According to this principle various things in the organisation must be kept at the right place such that any chaos can be avoided and work can be carried out smoothly. 

Herein, we have provided answer to only one of the questions. Please post each of the questions in separate thread. 


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a) Ans.- Unity Of Command Is voilated in this situation.

Ans-   BASIS FOR COMPARISON FUNCTIONAL STRUCTUre DIVISIONAL STRUCTURE Meaning Functional Structure is one in which the reporting relationships of the organization
are bifurcated according to their functional area. An organizational structure wherein theorganizational functions are classified
into divisions as per product or service lines , market, is called Divisional Structure. Basis Functional areas Specialized divisions Responsibility Difficult to fix responsibility on a particular department. Easy to fix responsibility for performance. Autonomy of decisions Managers do not have autonomy of decisions. Managers have autonomy of decisions. Cost Economical, as the functions are not repeated. Expensive as it involves repeatation of resources. Appropriate for Small and simple organizations. Large and dynamic organizations.

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