A long solenoid with 15 turns per cm has a small loop of area 2.0 cm2 placed inside the solenoid normal to its axis. If the current carried by the solenoid changes steadily from 2.0 A to 4.0 A in 0.1 s, what is the induced emf in the loop while the current is changing?

Number of turns on the solenoid = 15 turns/cm = 1500 turns/m

Number of turns per unit length, n = 1500 turns

The solenoid has a small loop of area, A = 2.0 cm2 = 2 × 10−4 m2

Current carried by the solenoid changes from 2 A to 4 A.

Change in current in the solenoid, di = 4 − 2 = 2 A

Change in time, dt = 0.1 s

Induced emf in the solenoid is given by Faraday’s law as:

Where,

= Induced flux through the small loop

= BA ... (ii)

B = Magnetic field

=

μ0 = Permeability of free space

= 4π×10−7 H/m

Hence, equation (i) reduces to:

Hence, the induced voltage in the loop is

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