a rubber ball of mass 50 g falls from a height of 10 cm and rebounds to a height of 50 cm. determine the change in linear momentum and average force between the ball and the ground , taking time of contact as 0.1 s

While falling down, initial velocity = 0, final velocity with which the body strikes the ground = v m/s, acceleration due to gravity = 9.8 m/s 2 , height = 0.1m 

The velocity of the ball with which it hits the ground can be found using, 

v 2 = u 2 + 2as 

=> v 2 = 0 + 2×9.8×0.1 

=> v = 1.96 m/s (downward) 

While it moves up, initial velocity = u, final velocity = 0, acceleration due to gravity = -9.8 m/s 2 , height = 0.5 m 

The velocity of the ball with which it leaves the ground can be found using, 

v 2 = u 2 + 2as 

=> 0 = u 2 - 2×9.8×0.5 [this time the velocity and acceleration are oppositely directed so we have the negative sign] 

=> v = 9.8 m/s (upward) 

So, Change in velocity = 9.8 m/s (upward) – 1.96 m/s (downward) 

=> Δv = 7.84 m/s

∴  change in linear momentum,dp = mΔv = 0.392 kg m/s

So, Force because of acceleration achieved during the strike is, F = dp/dt = 0392/0.1 = 3.92 N 

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