An object 5 cm in length is held 25 cm away from a converging lens of focal length 10 cm. Draw the ray diagram and find the position, size and the nature of the image formed.

Object distance, u = −25 cm

Object height, ho = 5 cm

Focal length, f = +10 cm

According to the lens formula,

The positive value of v shows that the image is formed at the other side of the lens.

The negative sign shows that the image is real and formed behind the lens.

The negative value of image height indicates that the image formed is inverted.

The position, size, and nature of image are shown in the following ray diagram.

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