Compare two cultures with which you are familiar. Is it difficult not to be ethnocentric?
Note: Any answer supported with argument or explanation would solve the purpose.
One sample answer has been provided to you:
The two cultures with which we are familiar are:
(i) Urban culture
(ii) Rural culture
The urban culture represents the life in a city, while the rural culture represents the life in a village. In a city, there are industries for people to work with machines, on the other hand, in a village people work in farms to produce crops. The life in villages is simpler and traditional as compared to that of the life in a city. In a city, there is an emphasis on individualism, while in villages more importance is given to groups.
Hence, the way of life, culture, occupation and thinking is different in urban and rural areas.
Ethnocentrism means giving value to one’s own culture and regarding the other culture as inferior. Yes, it is difficult not to be ethnocentric because people mostly give value and superiority to one’s own culture. If we compare the villages and cities, it would be obvious that the villagers carry the notion that their culture is better because it is embedded with societal norms, values and traditions. On the other hand, the city dwellers would consider their culture superior because it is modern and liberal.
Historically also, the colonialists considered their culture superior and better to that of the colonised countries. The notion of ethnocentrism generates differences and wars between many ethnic and racial groups. For example, the riots of Godhra and Babri Masjid were a result of ethnocentrism.
Therefore, it is correct to say that it is difficult for people not to be ethnocentric even in contemporary societies.