Discussthe cognitive changes taking place in a developing child.
Thecognitive changes that take place in a developing child are asfollows:
0-2 years: This is the age of sensory motors whereby, infant explores the world by coordinating sensory experiences with physical actions.
2-7 years: In this age, Preoperational thinking begins and the child acquires the concept of object permanence that enables him/her to use mental symbols to represent objects. The child does not have the ability to judge or assume the consequences of actions before performing them.
The child also acquires preoperational thought, i.e., s/he gains the ability to mentally represent an object that is not physically present.
The children are egocentric and develop animist thought
4-7 years: Children develop intuitive thought. This enables them to question the things happening around them.
7-11 years: This age is marked by the development of concrete operational thought, whereby a logical thought is developed and the child can reason logically about concrete events, classify objects into sets and perform reversible mathematical operations.
11-15 years: The adolescents in this age develop formal operational thought, which leads to a hypothetical thinking and are able to apply logic abstractly. They also develop a special kind of egocentrism of imaginary audience and personal fable.