1. explain briefly the goals of indias five year plan.(4 marks)
  2. why were reforms introduced in india?.(4 marks)
  3. explain the pattern of expoitation under the british rule.(6 marks)
  4. what do you know about the stabilisation measures and the structural reform.explain the impact of reform measures on agriculture and industrial sector..(6 marks)

Answer 1  

Presently we are going through the eleventh five year plan.So,some of the broad targets for the Eleventh five-year plan are as follows: 

  1. To increase the GDP growth rate from 8% p.a. to 10% p.a. and to maintain the Per Capita Income in double digits.
  2. To reduce the head count ratio of the poor.
  3. To increase the literacy rate for persons of age 7 years and above to 85%.
  4. To reduce the dropout rate from elementary school to 20% by the end of the plan period.
  5. To reduce the Total Fertility Rate to 2.1
  6. To reduce the Infant Mortality Rate to 28 and to reduce Maternal Mortality Ratio to 1 per 1000live births.
  7. To reduce malnutrition among the children of age group (0-3) years.
  8. To increase the sex ratio for the age group (0-6)years to 935 by the end of the plan period.
  9. To provide electricity connection to all villages and BPL households by the year 2009.
  10. To increase forests and tree coverage area by 5 percentage points.
  11. To attain WHO standards of air quality in all the major cities by the end of the plan period.



You can find the answer to the Question-2 at the below-mentioned link. Please check




Answer 3 

The British followed a discriminatory trade policy in India. They imposed heavy tariffs on India’s export of handicraft products while allowed free export of India’s raw material to Britain. Also, it allowed free import of British products to India. Thus, India was converted into an exporter of primary products such as sugar, silk, jute, cotton etc. and an importer of British finished goods such as cotton, silk, capital goods.

During the colonial rule, India enjoyed a huge export surplus. However, this export surplus was generated an account of the export of primary products. These primary products served as raw material to the British industries while, these commodities remained in short supply in the domestic market. Also, the revenue generated from the export surplus was used to meet the administrative expenditure and other colonial pursuits of the British government.

Thus, there emerged a huge drain of economic wealth.



Due to paucity of time, we are presently able to answer three of your answers, as we also need to cater the needs of other students.

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