Give an example of a body which may appear to be moving for one person and stationary for the other.


The passengers in a moving bus observe that the trees, buildings as well as the people on the roadside appear to be moving backwards. Similarly, a person standing on the roadside observes that the bus (along with its passengers) is moving in forward direction. But, at the same time, each passenger in a moving bus or train observes, his fellow passengers sitting and not moving. Thus, we can tell that motion is relative.

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From a passenger in a vehicle to the outside passerby, everyone in the car will be in motion but to the co-passengers, only the people outside the bus will be in motion.
That is why motion and rest are relative terms
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