If students of a class are made to stand in rows,if 3 students are extra in a row ,there would be 1 row less .if 3 student are less in a row there would be 2 rows more .find the number of students in the class .please form the equation and solve it with proper explaination.

let the no. of students in each row be x

let the no. of rows be y

therefore the total no. of students are  students in a row*no. of rows

therefore the no. of students are xy.

According to 1 condition

no. of students in a row if increased by 3 then the rows decrease by 1.

therefore the equation satisfying the condition is (X+3)(Y-1)=XY ---------------as the no.of students is xy let it be 1 eqn

similarly according to 2 condition

(x-3)(y+2)=xy  --------------------as the no. of students is xy let it be 2 eqn

therefore solving the 1 eqn we get


here xy onLHS and RHS gets cancelled

therefore the equation is -x+3y-3=0 ------------------let it be 3 eqn

similarly by solving 2 eqn we get


here also xy on LHS and RHS gets cancelled.

therefore the eqn is 2x-3y-6=0  --------------------let it be 4 eqn

multiplying 3 eqn by 2 we get

-2x+6y-6=0  --------------------let it be 5 eqn

adding eqn 4 and 5 we get



3y-12=0  -----------------2x and -2x gets cancelled

therefore 3y=12  -------------taking 12 on RHS



substituting the value of y in 3 eqn


-x+3*4-3=0 ------------as y=4



therefore x=9

total no. of students is xy=9*4


therefore the no. of students are36

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