Kerala, with lower per capita income has a better human development ranking than Punjab. Hence, per capita income is not a useful criterion at all and should not be used to compare states. Do you agree? Discuss.

Kerala, with lower per capita income has a better human development ranking than Punjab. However, it would be wrong to say that per capita income is not a useful criterion at all. Per capita income is certainly not the only criterion and it has its limitations. But this does not imply that it is not useful at all. To counter the inadequacy of this average, the human development index is used. The human development index uses a combination of development factors (such as health, education, income)for comparison. Thus, per capita income is one of the development factors, and cannot be done away with. Also, per capita income is usefulfor comparing the money index of states.

  • 49

In all factors such as education, human development,etc. income is most important. No cash = no ash!!

  • -18

Yes. per capita income is not that imp. to measure development as there are many other factors to measure development. If you take the eg. of UNDP , it measures development on the basis of the countrys' literacy rate, standard of living, health status, etc. Economic development is all that is required to measure development of a country or a state.

After all, Kerala has the highest literacy rate than any other state in India!!

  • -8

Kerala, with lower per capita income has a better human development ranking than Punjab. This is because Kerala has higher Literacy Rate, Net Attendance Ratio and Infant Mortality rate than Punjab. They are also some important criterions to measure the development in a country.
But even then it cannot be said that Per Capita Income is not a useful criterion AT ALL. To measure the economic development of a state/country, it is an imp. criterion. along with the others mentioned above.

  • 46

Yes, I agree that money income or per capita income is not the only factor. Factors like Infant Mortality Rate, Literacy Rate and Net Attendance ratio are also very crucial for overall human development. In these factors Kerala is better than Punjab.

(a)Infant Mortality Rate in Kerala was 11 as compared to 49 in Punjab (in the year 2003).(b)Literacy Rate (%) was 91 in Kerala as compared to 70 in Punjab (in the year 2001)(c)Net Attendance Ratio from class I to V was 91 in Kerala as compared to 81 in Punjab (in 1995-96).Due to these advantages, Kerala has a better human development ranking than Punjab, in spite of lower per capita income.prs thanks if it helped !
  • 17
vaibhav sharma what u said is right but other than income there are other things also to be considered.it is not in how much one earn but it is in how he spend it for welfare such as education healthcare food etc.
  • 10
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