List 2 steps that are essential for carrying out artificial hybridization in crop plant and why?
Please refer the solution below for the said query
The 2 steps essential for performing artificial hybridization in crop plant are emasculation and bagging. It ensures that the right kinds of pollen grains are used, and the stigma is protected from unwanted pollen grains.
Emasculation − The anther is removed from the bud if the female parent bears bisexual flowers.
Bagging − The emasculated flower is covered by a bag so as not to allow contamination of the stigma by unwanted pollen grains.
Hope this information clears your doubt about the topic.