Literary divises of figure of speech

Dear student,

A Figure of Speech is where a word or words are used to create an effect, often where they do not have their original or literal meaning. Some figures of speech are:
Onomatopoeia uses words that sound like their meaning.
For example: The wood hissed and crackled.
The boom and clap of the thunder could be heard.
Read the following sentences carefully, with special attention to the sound of words:
a. ‘The wind whistled through the weeping willows’
b. ‘A host, of golden daffodils’
In a., a series of words have the same first consonant sound (w). This is called alliteration.
In b., words close to one another repeat the same vowel sound (o). This is called assonance.

Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. There is a contradiction of expectation between what is said what is really meant. Irony expresses a contrast between reality and appearance.

A simile is used to compare two things of a different kind that have at least one thing in common.
It uses the words ‘as’ or ‘like’ to make the comparison.
For example: Cinderella was as beautiful as a rose.

A metaphor also makes comparison between two things of different kinds.
Unlike a simile, it does not say that ‘one thing is like another’. Instead, a metaphor implies that one thing has become another or that two things are one and the same.
For example: Maharana Pratap was a lion in the battle field.


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