Q-Answer the following questions:-
1.What were the main characterstics of dhamma adopted by Ashoka?
2.Which ruler has orgainsed the fourth buddhist council?How did the new form of buddhism,mahayana,envovled at this time differ from earlier?
3.What do you understand by 'prashati'?What information do we get from samudragupta's prashati?
4.What other names are used for patwari?
5.What are the issues facing landless labourers like thulasi?

Dear Student,

Please refer Answer to query 1 below:

Ans 1:

The following points may help you:

a. Ashoka has been considered as the greatest Emperor history ever witnessed.
b. Ashoka after the Kalinga war , gave up war as his policy and sought to spread the message of peace everywhere.
c, In looking into the massive destruction, bloodshed that the Kalinga war caused, Ashoka decided to give up war as the way of establishing control over people.
d. Instead, Ashoka pursued the policy of peace and began to spread message of Dhamma.
e. He believed of using the ,message of Dhamma to win over people, rather than conquering through force. 
 f. Thus after the Kalinga war, Dhamma mahamattas were appointed to spread the message of dhamma among all.
Ashoka, also got the message of Dhamma inscribed on pillars, on rocks .
g. His principles of Dhamma aimed to instil a sense of tolerance among the people and to spread message of peace.
h. It included principles like being generous, compassion towards servants, slaves, prohibiting animal sacrifice, it sought to promote non violence, engage in social welfare.

i. These were thus edicts that became guiding philosophy and principles of  Ashoka.

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