State any two criteria for determining biodiversity hotspots. Name any two hotspots
designated in India.

Dear student, The two main criteria for measuring Biodiversity are : 1 Species richness which means the number of species in a given area. It could be the species richness of specific taxa or number of grasses, bushes, trees etc. 2 Ecological indicators which means these are scientific constructs that use quantitative data to measure aspects of biodiversity ecological condition They form a main component of monitoring, assessment, and decision-making and are designed to communicate information quickly and easily to policy makers. Two hotspot = Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas. Hope this information helps,Regards.

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