what are finite and non finite verbs? there is no finite and non finte verbs in the english grammmar column.

The finite verb is that form of a verb that shows agreement with a subject and is marked for tense. If there is just one verb in a sentence it is definitely a finite one.

Instances of the same are:

  • I go, he ate, they ran, etc.

The non-finite form of verbs have no person or number, but some types can show tense.

Instances of the same are:

  • I am going, he had finished, they were playing, etc.

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Finite verb is one that has tense. Moreover it has to agree with its subject in person and number. Therefore it changes its form accordingly. A finite verb is very essential ina sentence and it  is closely connected to the subject of the sentence.

Non-finites are those verbs that are not limited by number, person, or tense. They are not essential in a sentence. They are used to express various shades of meaning. They are of three kinds: participles, gerunds, and infinitives.

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