What are Minerals? Give examples of minerals.


Mineral is a naturally occurring solid with a definite chemical composition. The earth is composed of mineral elements, either alone or in a myriad of combinations called compounds. Some minerals are made up of single element like gold silver, copper, etc. Some are made up of combination of 2 or more elements like calcite. Vast majority of minerals are compounds or mixtures of elements. Other examples of minerals include calcium, phosphorous, potassium, etc.


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