WHAT ARE PERFECT TENSES?

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Perfect Tenses

The threeperfect tensesin English are the three verb tenses which show action already completed. (The wordperfectliterally means "made complete" or "completely done.")

They are formed by the appropriate tense of the verbto haveplus thepast participleof the verb.

Present Perfect:I have seen it.(Present tense ofto haveplus participle. Action is completed with respect to the present.)

Past Perfect:I had seen it.(Past tense ofto haveplus participle. Action is completed with respect to the past.)

Future Perfect:I will have seen it.(Future tense ofto haveplus participle. Action is completed with respect to the future.)

Someauthorities consider the passive voice of certain verbs that are always intransitive to be the perfect tense also.

Example:They are gone.

Example:He is risen.

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