what are principles of prevention of diseases

Principles of preventing diseases

A disease can be prevented by two ways:

General ways

There are two general ways to prevent infection. These are:

1) Preventing the spread of a disease

Let us discuss how air borne, water borne, and vector borne diseases can be prevented by some simple ways.

To prevent air borne diseases

  • Stay away from the diseased person.
  • Wear a mask when you need to contact a diseased person.
  • Cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing to prevent the spread of the disease.

To prevent water borne diseases

  • Ensure proper disposal of sewage.
  • Ensure safe drinking water supply.

To prevent vector borne diseases

  • Provide a clean environment, which helps in preventing vectors like mosquitoes from breeding.
  • Availability of proper nutrition. If proper and sufficient nutrition is not available, the immune system of the body will not function properly.

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  • preventing exposure to infectious diseases
  • providing proper and sufficient food 
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