What are the factors affecting India's climate ???

India has a monsoon type of climate and the factors are:

* The differential heating and cooling of land and water creates low pressure on the landmass of India while the seas around experience comparatively high pressure.

* The shift of the position of Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in summer, over the Ganga plain (this is the equatorial trough normally positioned about 5°N of the equator – also known as the monsoon- trough during the monsoon season).

* The presence of the high-pressure area, east of Madagascar, approximately at 20°S over the Indian Ocean. The intensity and position of this high-pressure area affects the Indian Monsoon.

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India has a monsoon type of climate and the factors are:

* The differential heating and cooling of land and water creates low pressure on the landmass of India while the seas around experience comparatively high pressure.

* The shift of the position of Inter Tropical Convergence Zone in summer, over the Ganga plain (this is the equatorial trough normally positioned about 5°N of the equator – also known as the monsoon- trough during the monsoon season).

* The presence of the high-pressure area, east of Madagascar, approximately at 20°S over the Indian Ocean. The intensity and position of this high-pressure area affects the Indian Monsoon.

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  • Latitude-
  1. The latitude of Tropic of cancer passes through Rann of Kachch in the west and Mizoram in the east thus, dividing India into 2 equal parts.
  2. So, India has a climate both of tropics and subtropics.
  • Altitude-
  1. India has mountains in the front of altitude 6,000 m and width of about 30 m.
  2. These mountains do not let the cold Siberian winds from North West Asia enter India.
  3. This is why India experiences milder winters than that compared to China.
  • Pressure and wind system-
  1. The Western Cyclonic Disturbances affect the climate of North western India.
  2. The Jet Streams that get attracted by the low pressure created in India in summers help the Western Cyclonic Disturbances to enter India.
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