What encouraged the policy of Apartheid in South Africa?

Dear Student

When National Party gained power in South Africa in elections of 1948, the all-white government immediately began enforcing existing policies of racial segregation under a system of legislation called apartheid.
Apartheid : Former political system in South Africa based on the colour of skin in which Black people were forced to live away from White people.

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BEFOREYOU READ• ‘Apartheid’ is a political system that separates people accordingto their race. Can you say which of the three countries namedbelow had such a political system until very recently?(i) United States of America(ii) South Africa(iii) Australia• Have you heard of Nelson Mandela? Mandela, and his AfricanNational Congress, spent a lifetime fighting against apartheid.Mandela had to spend thirty years in prison. Finally, democraticelections were held in South Africa in 1994, and Mandela becamethe first black President of a new nation.In this extract from his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom,Mandela speaks about a historic occasion, ‘the inauguration’. Canyou guess what the occasion might be? Check your guess withthis news item (from the BBC) of 10 May 1994.Mandela Becomes South Africa’s First Black PresidentNelson Mandela has become South Africa’s first BlackPresident after more than three centuries of White rule.Mr Mandela’s African National Congress (ANC) party won252 of the 400 seats in the first democratic elections of SouthAfrica’s history.The inauguration ceremony took place in the UnionBuildings amphitheatre in Pretoria today, attended bypoliticians and dignitaries from more than 140 countriesaround the world. “Never, never again will this beautiful landexperience the oppression of one by another, ” said NelsonMandela in his address.... Jubilant scenes on the streets of Pretoria followed theceremony with blacks, whites and coloureds celebratingtogether... More than 100,000 South African men, womenand children of all races sang and danced with joy.
 
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