what is fiscal deposit / deficit ?
Fiscal deficit refers to the difference between the total budget expenditure and total budget receipts of the government, other than the borrowings and liabilities.
For further detail on the topic you can refer to the study material following the below mentioned path.
Macroeconomics- Chapter 5 (Government budget and economy)- Lesson 3 (Measures of budget deficit)
fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (taxation) and expenditure (spending) to influence the economy. The two main instruments of fiscal policy are changes in the level and composition of taxation and government spending in various sectors. These changes can affect the following macroeconomic variables in an economy:
- Aggregate demand and the level of economic activity;
- The distribution of income;
- The pattern of resource allocation within the government sector and relative to the private sector.
Fiscal policy refers to the use of the government budget to influence economic activity.
A fiscal deficit is often funded by issuing bonds, like treasury bills or consols and gilt-edged securities. These pay interest, either for a fixed period or indefinitely. If the interest and capital requirements are too large, a nation may default on its debts, usually to foreign creditors. Public debt or borrowing refers to the government borrowing from the public.