What is polyculture .(answer for 5marks question)


Dear student

Polyculture is the form of agricultural system in which more than one crop is grown within same cultivation system. It is mostly accepted and prevalent form of agriculture around the world due to its environmental and health benefits. It is advantageous because of its ability to control pests, weeds, and disease without major chemical inputs.

Types -
1. Inter cropping.
2. Cover cropping.
3. Permaculture.
4. Integrated aquaculture.

It is opposite to monoculture, because in monoculture only members of one plant or animal species are cultivated together.

Advantages-

1. Mean crops are less susceptible to pest and diseases.
2. Give greater productivity and economic profitability.
3. Enhance ecosystems, biodiversity, nutrient cycling, soil and water conservation and carbon sequestration

Hope it helps
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Polyculture is a form of agriculture in which more than one species is grown at the same time and place in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystems.[2] Polyculture is the opposite of monoculture, in which only members of one plant or animal species are cultivated together. Polyculture has traditionally been the most prevalent form of agriculture in most parts of the world and is growing in popularity today due to its environmental and health benefits. There are many types of polyculture including annual polycultures such as intercropping and cover cropping, permaculture, and integrated aquaculture. Polyculture is advantageous because of its ability to control pests, weeds, and disease without major chemical inputs. As such, polyculture is considered a sustainable form of agriculture. However, issues with crop yield and biological competition have caused many modern major industrial food producers to continue to rely on monoculture instead.
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