what is spermatic cord? What is gubernaculum?

Spermatic cord refers to the collection of cord like structure such as vas defrens and surrounding  tissue (arteries, nerves)  which help in holding of testes in scrotum. It passes from the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal down into the scrotum to the back of the testicle.

 are embryonic structures found attach to ends of gonads (testes in males and ovaries in females), Lateron, they get converted into distinct vestiges.  These aid in the descent of the gonads.


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The spermatic cord is the structure in males formed by vas deferens and surrounding tissue that run down to each testicle.

Guberculum is the embryonic structure which begin as undifferentiated mesenchyme attaching the caudal end of the gonads (testis in males and ovary in females respectively).

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