What is the difference between circulatory system and nervous system??? Lesson is transportation in animals and plants...

Dear Student,

The system that transports nutrients and collects waste materials for disposal in the human body is the circulatory system. The circulatory system consists of the central organ i.e., the heart, blood vessels, and circulating fluid i.e., blood.

Working of human blood circulatory system:



The human blood circulatory system is composed of the heart, the blood and the blood vessels. The human heart is divided into four chambers. The upper two chambers are called right and left atrium and the lower two chambers are called the right and the left ventricles. Following are the steps involved in the blood circulation:
  1. The left atrium receives the oxygenated blood from the lungs via the pulmonary vein.
  2. When the left atrium contracts, the oxygenated blood is pumped into the left ventricle.
  3. When the left ventricle contracts, the oxygenated blood is forced into aorta, which transports the blood to all the parts of the body, except the lungs. When oxygenated blood passes through the capillaries of different organs, it gives oxygen to the body cells. Along with oxygen, blood also gives the digested food and other dissolved materials to the body cells. At the same time, carbon dioxide, which is produced as a waste material during respiration, enters into the blood.
  4. From the body tissues, the deoxygenated blood carrying carbon dioxide is pumped back to the heart, into the right atrium, by the vena cava.
  5. When the right atrium contracts, the deoxygenated blood is pumped into the right ventricle. From here, it is taken back to the lungs by the pulmonary artery for oxygenation.
  6. The oxygenated blood is again sent to the left atrium of the heart by the pulmonary vein for being circulated in the body.
  7. The whole process is repeated again and again so as the blood keeps circulating in our body and keeps circulating oxygen, digested food and other materials to all the parts of the body. This blood also keeps on removing waste products (in the form of deoxygenated blood) formed in the cells of the body.


Nervous system is an organ system found in animals that is formed of network of specialized cells called neurons, brain and spinal cord. It transmits signals between different parts of the body and control and coordinates the actions of the body.
Schematic representation of nervous system is as follows:
Nervous system is divided into- Central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS).
CNS is divided into brain and spinal cord while the PNS is divided into somatic nervous system (SNS) and autonomous nervous system.
ANS is further divided into sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic nervous system.

Regards

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